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Report on the human rights situation in the Islamic Republic of Iran by the Special Representative of the Commission on Human Rights, Mr. Reynaldo Pohl, pursuant to Commission resolution 1988/69

E/CN.4/1989/26

          
          UNITED
          NATIONS
          Economic and Social Distr.
          Council GENERAL
          _fl - .
          E/QL 4/1989/26
          26 January 1969
          Original: ENGLISH
          COMMISSION ON BUMM RIGHTS
          Forty—fifth session
          Item 12 of the provisional agenda
          QUESTION OF THE VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDMIENTAL fl EEDOMS
          IN AllY PART OF THE WORLD, WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO COLONIAL
          AND OTHER DEPENDENT COUNTRIES AND TEBRIItRIES
          ReportonthehumanrightssituationintheIs lamicPepub licof Iran
          by theSpecia lRepresentativeofIIeCon luissiononHumanRights,
          Mn Reynaldo Galindo Pohl
          pursuant to Contuission resolution 1988/69
          CS.$9—10557 /44 10Q
        
          
          E/CN. 4/1989/26
          page 2
          CONTENTS
          I. INTRODUCTION . 1— S
          It. CONTACTS AND C(fl4UNICATIONS WITH THE GOVERNMENT
          OF THE ISLAIIIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN
          A. Contacts with the Permanent Representatives
          of the Islamic Republic of Iran
          B. Written cougnunications with the Iranian
          Governiuent
          III . INFOBMAT ION AVAI LABL2 TO THE SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE .
          A. Information provided by the Iranian Government .
          B. Information provided by other sources
          1. Oral information
          2. Written information
          lY. CONSIDERATION OF CERTAIN ISSUES PERTAINING TO THE
          LEGAL SY$TF14 APPLICABLE IN THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC
          OF IRAX4
          A. Thequestionof punishment
          8.
          C.
          The question of the death penalty
          Irregularities concerning investigation and
          trial
          1. Arbitraryarrests
          2. Information on reasons for arrest
          3. I11—treatr,tentandtorture
          4. Solitaryconfinement
          5. Legal aid
          6. Public hearing
          7. Calling of witnesses
          8. Review by a higher tribunal
          9. Pardon or couluutation of sentence
          I). Remedies
          Paragraphs Pa ge
          4
          6—10 4
          6—8 4
          9—10 5
          11—21 7
          11—13 7
          14—21 7
          14 7
          15—21 8
          22—57 9
          25—26 10
          27—36 10
          37 — 52
          38 — 41
          42 — 43
          44 — 45
          46
          47 — 48
          49
          50
          51
          52
          12
          12
          13
          13
          14
          14
          14
          14
          14
          15
          53—57 15
        
          
          E/cN. 4/1989/26
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          CONTENTS (continued)
          Earagraphs Page
          V. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS 58 — 78 16
          Annex
          NAMES AND PARTICULARS OF PERSONS ALLEGEDLY EXECUTED IN THE
          ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IR A N DURING THE PERIOD JULY—DECEMBER 1988 22
        
          
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          I. INTRODUCTION
          1. By its resolution 1988/69, the Conmiission on Human Rights decided to
          extend the mandate of its Special Representative on the situation of human
          rights and fundamental freedoms in the Islamic Republic of Iran, as contained
          in its resolution 1984/54, for a further year, and requested the Special
          Representative to present an interim report to the General Assembly at its
          forty—third session on the ha itian rights situation in the Islamic Republic of
          Iran, and a final report to the Commission at its forty—fifth session.
          2. In compliance with the above mentioned resolution, the Special
          Representative presented an interim report (A/43/705) to the General Assembly
          and herewith submits his final report to the Cormijission.
          3. The interim report described the written communications and other
          contacts with the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, gave a detailed
          account of oral and written information received by the Special Representative
          concerning the situation of human rights in the country during the period
          October 1987 to September 1988, considered certain pertinent views expressed
          by the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran during the examination of
          the item by the Co,raaission at its forty—fourth session and contained the
          Special Representative's general observations on the Situation.
          4. The final report contains a description of the contacts and discussions
          which the Special Representative held with representatives of the Iranian
          Government in New York on the occasion of the forty—third session of the
          General Assembly, and in Geneva, as well as coimnunications addressed by the
          Special Representative to the Iranian Government after the publication of the
          interim report. It further contains an update of the information provided to
          the Special Representative by the Iranian Government and by other sources, and
          a consideration of some issues pertaining to the legal system applicable in
          the Islamic Republic of Iran and related problems. The final chapter of the
          report consists of general considerations and conclusions. A list of persons
          allegedly executed in the Isla mic Republic of Iran during the period
          July—December 1988 appears as an annex to the report.
          5. This final report should be considered by the Commission as forming a
          whole with the interim report presented to the General Assembly. The general
          observations contained in the interim report are still valid.
          II. CONTACTS AND COMMUNICATIONS WITH THE GOVERNMENT OF THE
          ISLM1IC REPUBLIC OF IRAN
          A. contacts withthe PermanentRepresentativesofthe
          Islamic Republic of Iran
          6. On 20 November 1988, the Special Representative had a long talk with the
          Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United
          Nations, Ambassador Mohaninad Ja'afar Mahallati, who was accoipanied by six
          members of the Permanent Mission. The Permanent Representative indicated that
          he intended to present a procedural decision under which the Iranian
          Government would express its commitment to co—operate with the
          Special Representative in all respects before the end of 1988, for the purpose
          of carrying out his mandate, provided that a consensus with the other sponsors
        
          
          E/cN. 4/1989/26
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          could be found in due time. On the same occasion, the difficulties faced by
          the Iranian Government in implementing the resolutions of the Coiiission on
          Human Rights and the General Assembly were discussed. The Permanent
          Representative enphasized the root causes of the pending human rights
          problems, mainly the war imposed on the Islamic Republic of Iran during the
          past eight years, a p i suggested that the question of iir 1ementation skould be
          viewed in relation to those root causes.
          7. A second meeting took place on 29 November 1988, at which the Permanent
          Representative referred to the alleged wave of executions mentioned in the
          interim report and denied the allegations. He indicated that many killings
          had in fact occurred on the battlefield, in the context of the war, following
          the invasion of the Islamic Republic of Iran by the organization called the
          National Liberation Army (NL.A). The Permanent Representative showed the
          Special Representative a videotape produced by NLA, which he qualified as
          political and propaganda material, indicating that films of that nature were
          regularly being broadcast into the Islamic Republic of Iran from the NLA
          headquarters in Iraq (see also paras. 11—13). He said that that fact in
          itself discredited the information provided by that organization to the
          Special Representative.
          8. On 13 January 1989 . a meeting was held in Geneva between the Special
          Representative and the Permanent Representative of the Is Lamic Republic of
          Iran to the United Nations Of fice at Geneva, Ambassador Sirous Nasseri, who
          was accompanied by two members of the Permanent Mission. In the course of the
          meeting, the Permanent Representative reiterated his Government's position
          that the wording of the various pertinent resolutions of the Coirimission on
          Human Rights and the General Assertly remained the major obstacle to full
          realization of his Government's co—operation with the Special Representative.
          As long as such politically itotivated language continued to be used in
          resolutions regarding the situation of human rights in his country, the
          Iranian Government would find it very difficult to extend its full
          co—operation. The Permanent Representative suggested that the Special
          Representative might engage in some kind of a dialogue — on the occasion of
          the forthcoming session of the Corrmiission on Human Rights — with both the
          Iranian Government and the sponsors of a possible resolution, in order to
          achieve a compromise that could be acceptable to all parties and would result
          in full co—operation by the Iranian Government with the Special Representative
          in the discharge of his mandate. The Permanent Representative indicated that,
          since the cease—fire had been achieved in the war with Iraq, his Goverment was
          in a better position to turn its attention to the questicrn of human rights.
          The Special Representative pointed to the various practical measures mentioned
          in his final report which the Iranian Government might wish to adopt in order
          to improve the human rights situation in the country. He also referred to the
          desirability of receiving detailed replies from the Government to the various
          allegations which he had brought to its attention. He further raised the
          possibility of a visit to the country.
          B. Writtenconmiunications-with the Iranian- Government
          9. On 9 January 1989, the Special Representative addressed the following
          letter to the Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the
          United Nations Office at Geneva:
          “?s you have been informed by the Centre for Human Rights, I am at
          present visiting the Centre in connection with the completion of my
          report to the Colrtnission on Human Rights. I am planning to stay in
        
          
          E/CN. 4/1989/26
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          Geneva until 13 January 1989 and would hope that I shall have an occasion
          to meet you for a further exchange of views.
          I should like to emphasize that I was particularly pleased and
          encouraged by the statement made at the Third Committee of the General
          Assembly by your Permanent Representative to the United Nations in
          New York, Ambassador Mahalatti , who repeatedly promised that your
          Government would extend to me its full co—operation in the discharge of
          my mandate.
          I believe that it would be very useful if we could discuss ways and
          means for furthering such co—operation in concrete terms. In this
          connection, I wish to reiterate my strong conviction that a visit to the
          Islamic Republic of Iran, in conformity with existing practice in the
          Coltission on Human Rights, would be a most significant and iir ortant
          step towards such full co—operation, a conviction which I expressed
          already in my letter of 24 July 1986.1?
          10. On 25 January 1989, the Special Representative addressed the following
          letter to the Permanent Representative of the Isla mic Republic of Iran to the
          United Nations Office at Geneva:
          ‘I should like to inform you that, on 9 January 1989, I received, in
          the framework of my mandate under Commission on Human Rigths resolution
          1988/69, eight persons who claimed to have pertinent information On
          certain aspects of the human rights situation in the Islamic Republic
          of Iran. A sunulary of the allegations made by these persons is enclosed
          herewith for your information. [ see para. 141
          A sunoeary of allegations regarding in particular the right to life,
          contained in various documents and letters provided to me recently by
          various Other organizations and individuals concerned, is also enclosed
          herewith for your information. [ see paras. 15—22 and annexi
          I would greatly appreciate receiving any information or counents
          that your Government may wish to provide with regard to these
          allegations. I would also like to draw your attention to the fact that
          the detailed replies to allegations coimnunicated to your Government on
          earlier occasions, which, I was assured, were under preparation, have
          still not been received.
          I should also like to seize this opportunity to express my
          appreciation for the useful and cordial exchange of views we had in
          Geneva on 13 January 1989. 1 am looking forward to continuing our
          dialogue during the forthcoming session of the Commission on Human
          Rights, wiII a view to realizing the full co—operation of which I was
          assured by your Government.'
        
          
          E/CN. 4/1989/26
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          III. INFORMATION AVAILABLE TO THE SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE
          A. Information provided- ' the Iranian Government
          11. At the second talk with the Permanent Representative of the Islamic
          Republic of Iran, a film on the armed activities of Iranian migr4s was
          projected. The film was a compilation of NLA video films telecast from
          abroad, which showed scenes of military parades, military training,
          battlefields and statements by NLA leaders. The Permanent Representative
          requested the special Representative to include the film anong the d uments
          handed over to him by the Iranian Government. On the basis of that request a
          sununary of its contents follows.
          12. The compiled video films presented an important military operation that
          was launched from bases located in Iraq in July 1988. Its code—name was
          “Eternal Light' t , and it was qualified as a new phase of NLA”. In the course
          of that operation, NM apparently penetrated at least 150 kilonetres into the
          Islamic Republic of Iran. NLA claimed the capture of several military
          garrisons, including those of Islamabad, Najab—2 Logistic Headquarters of
          Keren, Islamabad Road, Revolutionary Guards Corps, 27th Division,
          Revolutionary Corps Training, and the Beheshti Garrison. NLA also claimed to
          have killed 40,000 menbers of the Iranian military forces and stated that an
          those actions Know established NM credibility as a powerful, well—equipped
          and trained army ... capable of tearing up the warp and woof of the r4gime and
          destroying it forever ...“. After initial success, the offensive was halted
          and finally repulsed.
          13. One of the video films contained a public evaluation of the
          “Eternal Light” operation, The audience, wearing fatigues, chanted a hymn and
          shouted slogans praising the leaders.
          B. Information provided by other sources
          1. oral information
          14. On 11 January 1989, the Special Representative conducted a series of
          informal hearings in the course of which eight persons who claimed to have
          pertinent information on certain aspects of the human rights situation in the
          Islamic Republic of Iran made statements. Seven of them were sympathizers of
          the Mojahedin organization. They were: Mr. Asghar Ahkhalaghi,
          Mr. Azam Nyakan, Mr. Reza Hosseini, Mr. Amar Alnaser and Mr. Bijan Nadizadeh.
          Two other persons requested that their identity should not be revealed. The
          eighth person was Mr. Jalal Gandjai, a religious figure who described himself
          as independent of any link with any political body. All the persons appearing
          before the Special Representative alleged that one or more members of their
          family had been executed in the Islamic Republic of Iran in recent nonths.
          The following people were mentioned as having been executed recently:
          Hamzeh Mahjoob, Mohaimnad Ahkhlaghi, Behrooz Behnamzadeh, Mr. Shukruiahi,
          Syrus Sephri, Forhad Zamani, Jaber Kabi, Mohaimned Reza Naim,
          Hossein Abdolvahab, Mohsen Bahrani, Hossein Nyakan, Wahid Tahsili,
          Hamid Tahsili, Zahra Byjanyar, Javad Mashoof, Bijan Makvandi, Mohsen Vazin,
          Said Mazaheri, &IIau,ued Kaseb Chani and Mojgan Latifi. It was alleged that
          all the persons who were executed had been previously convicted and were
          serving sentences for periods of various durations.
        
          
          E/CN. 4/1989/26
          pa ge 8
          2. Written information
          (a) Information regarding the right to life
          15. The information received by the Special Representative since the
          preparation of his interim report to the General Assembly contained in
          particular alleged violations of the right to life. In his interim report
          (paras. 41—49) the Special Representative referred to information he received
          in September 1988 alleging that a large number of prisoners, members of
          various opposition groups, had been executed during the months of July, August
          and September 1988. Since that date, the Special Representative has continued
          receiving persistent reports about a wave ot executions of political
          prisoners. These reports were made available by various sources, including
          non—governmental organizations in consultative status with the Economic and
          Social Council and other bodies directly concerned by the alleged wave of
          executions. In addition, the Special Representative received hundreds of
          petitions and letters from private individuals around the world, including
          members of parliament from Australia, France, Germany, Federal Republic of,
          Ireland, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as well
          as members of the European Parliament from several countries, and trade—union
          and church officials, expressing deep concern at the alLeged wave of
          executions and calling for United Nations intervention to bring such
          executions to a halt.
          16. The precise number of alleged victims of the recent wave of executions
          has not been reported. The Special Representative has received more than
          1,000 names (see annex), but it was alleged that there were in all probability
          several thousand victims. In that connection, the Special Representative Was
          informed that the Special Rapporteur on suiwnary or arbitrary executions had,
          during the period from July to t ecember 1988, transmitted to the Iranian
          Government allegations regarding the sununary or arbitrary execution of several
          hundred persons, and sent urgent appeals regarding approximately 150 persons
          said to be facing an inmiinent danger of execution.
          17. Most of the alleged victims were said to be members or supporters of the
          People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran, but members of other opposition
          groups, such as the Tudeh Party, the Peoples Fedaiyan Organization, Rahe
          Kargar and the Kornala Organization in Iranian Kurdistan, as well as at least
          11 mollahs. were also said to be among the alleged victims. Many of the
          people said to have been executed had been serving prison terms for several
          years, while others were former prisoners who were rearrested and then
          executed. It would therefore s eem unlikely that these persons could have
          taken part in violent activities against the Government, such as participation
          in the NLA incursion into the western part of the Islamic Republic of Iran in
          July 1988. Miong those said to have been executed were several women and, in
          some cases 1 several members of the same family. It was alleged that many of
          those who had been serving prison sentences had had their sentences changed to
          the death penalty, in contravention of article 14, paragraph 7, of the
          International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights to which the Islamic
          Republic of Iran is a party. Many of the executions were said to have been
          carried out in secret while others were reported to have occurred publicly, by
          hanging or firing—s iads.
        
          
          E/Q . 4/1989/26
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          18. Statements by several high—ranking officials were published by the
          Iranian news media to the effect that members of opposition groups sI uld be
          dealt with severely, but there was no official acknowledgement of the wave of
          executions. Nevertheless, reports have been received acccording to which
          people witnessed large numbers of bodies being buried in shallow graves in the
          area of Behesht-e—zahra cemetery in Tebran, where political prisoners are
          usually buried, and in other parts of the country.
          (b) ThesituationoftheBaha'jcoimjjunity
          19. According to information received by the Special Representative, two
          members of the Saha'i conriunity were executed in November 1988 or at an
          earlier date in the latter half of 1988. Their names were reported as Mr.
          Binham pashai, aged 49, of Semnan, who had been imprisoned since November
          1983, and Mr. Iraj Afshin, aged 55, who had been imprisoned since late 1986.
          20. The number of Baha'i prisoners continued to decrease in the latter half
          of 1988, and stood, as of January 1989, at 101, including four who remained
          detained without charges. The sentences of a number of Baha' i prisoners have
          reportedly been reduced and the conditions of detention of Some have
          improved. Since February 1988 no further arrests have been reported.
          21. Regarding the economic situation of members of the Baha'i coaunity, it
          was reported that most of IIe Baha'is who had been dismissed from their
          positions in education and government in the early 1980s continued to be
          denied their jobs or the pensions to which they were entitled. In that
          connection, the Special Representative received a translation of an article
          published in Etelaat on 12 October 1988, containing two lists of some 50
          Baha'is whose property in the Islamic Republic of Iran had been confiscated by
          the authorities. The article invited the legal Muslim relatives of these
          Baha'is to contact the authorities, if these Baha'is resided outside the
          Islamic Republic of Iran, and it was announced that the authorities would then
          consider their rights and claims. The list included names of Baha'is who Were
          presumed to be dead. The Special Representative also received a translation
          of a notice issued by the General Employment Office in December 1987. The
          notice contained 13 names of persons who had lost their jobs in the Bank Melat
          on the grounds of “belonging to the depraved Baha'i sectN.
          IV. CONSIDERATION OF CERTAIN ISSUES PERTAINING 10 THE L AL SYSTEM
          APPLICABLE IN THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN
          22. According to official information, the Penal Code was adopted on a
          temporary basis, for a trial period of five years. The Law of Hodoud and Qasas
          (punishment and retribution) was enacted in 1982, and the Ta'azirat (lesser
          penalties whose maximum is set forth by law and minimum by the judge) was
          prormalgated in 1983. That means that the trial period has expired or is about
          to expire and that the study of amendments or the preparation of a new code
          may be under way or may begin shortly.
          23. It may be expected that the Iranian Government will take advantage of
          this occasion to consider not only the domestic experience, but the views of
          international organs entrusted with the protection of human rights.
          Examination of the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran
          has given rise to much learned thinking which may be considered when the time
          is right.
        
          
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          24. A representative of the Iranian Government stated at the forty—second
          session of the Commission on Human Rights that the fundamental peculiarity of
          the Iranian Constitution was based on the peculiarity of the Revolution,
          which, in relation to other movements in contemporary Iran, was that it was
          Islamic and that it had been developed from an indigenous school of thought.
          It is precisely that indigenous school of thought that might turn its
          attention to international obligations in order to try to build a bridge,
          notwithstanding obstacles of different sorts, between the autochtonous
          political novenent and the requirements of an increasingly interdependent
          international corr nunity. Certainly there are sensitive points involved, but
          it may be expected IIat, with creative thinking ani deep study, and taking
          advantage of contributions from different quarters, a kind of model might be
          developed. The revision of the penal Cc4e may provide a unique opportunity to
          think again on the requests made by the competent human rights organs of the
          United Nations.
          A. the questionofpunisbment
          25. This is a delicate question because it touches upon the traditions of a
          genuinely Islamic people. None the less it is essential to examine it. In
          that context, it is important to note that the sub—Congaission on prevention of
          Discrimination and protection of Minorities, in resolution 1984/22,
          interpreted the Universal Declaration on Human Rights (art. 5) as prohibiting
          arr outation and urged Governments having such legislation or practices to take
          measures to povide for other punishment consonant with article 5. Moreover,
          in 1986 the Human Rights Coavaittee has interpreted the International Covenant
          on Civil and litical Rights (art. 7) as prohibiting, inter alia , “corporal
          punishment, including excessive chastisement as an educational or disciplinary
          measure. 1/
          2. The Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in
          Time of War, to which the Islamic Republic of Iran is a party, prohibits
          corporal punishment. The well—known and widely acclaimed article 3 co lmion to
          the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 gives civilians and members of the armed
          forces who have laid down their arms protected status, prescribing that they
          must be treated hui anely and prohibiting outrages to personal dignity, cruel
          treatment, mutilation and torture. This article sets out firmly established
          standards and feelings which also cover civilians in time of peace.
          B. Thequestion of thedeathpenalty
          27. The International Covenant on Civil and 1itica1 Rights envisages the
          application of the death penalty to the nost serious crimes only (art. 6,
          para. 2): “This penalty can only be carried out pursuant to a final judgement
          rendered by a cogpetent court.' It should not be in osed on persons under 18
          years of age, should not be carried out on pregnant women and anyone sentenced
          to death should have the right to seek pardon or coinnutation of sentence
          (art. 6, paras. 4 and 5).
          28. The main question relates to the meaning and scope of the term lithe nost
          serious crimes”. The language of the International Covenant on Civil and
          Political Rights suggests that a gradation of crimes is inplied: crimes,
          understood in the genetic sense of acts or omissions liable to punishment;
          serious crines or grave crimes; and the irost serious criuies, that is, those
          which reach the greatest or highest degree of evil, harm and danger to the
          society. According to the International Covenant only the nost serious crimes
          are punishable by the death penalty.
        
          
          E/cN. 4/1989/26
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          29. The term “the most serious crimes” used in the International Covenant
          lacks precision and is liable to disparaging interpretations. The annotation
          of the text of the International Covenants, prepared by the Secretary General
          (A/2929) retained the criticism of this term stating that the concept of
          • t serious crimes” differed from one country to another (Chap. IV, para. 6).
          Legal definitions facilitate, but do not necessarily ensure, a uniform
          interpretation. The absence of legal definitions does not diminish the
          binding character of legal obligations, nor does it impede or jeopardize the
          application and interpretation of the norms in question. The simple reference
          in the Convention to “the irost serious crimes” indicates that, in the absence
          of a coimnon and accepted legal definition, the text itself, first, and the
          context, second, as stipulated in the Convention on the Law of Treaties,
          should direct the application and interpretation.
          30. The Human Rights Coiwaittee stated that “the expression ‘most serious
          crimes' must be read restrictively to mean that the death penalty should be a
          quite exceptional measure, and that, as State parties are not obliged to
          abolish the death penalty totally, “they are obliged to limit its use and, in
          particular, to abolish it for other than the most serious crimes.”
          31. The Economic and Social Council adopted Safeguards guaranteeing
          protection of the rights of those facing the aeath penalty in the annex to its
          resolution 1984/50, which states that the term the most serious crimes must be
          understood as meaning that their scope “sfould not go beyond intentional
          crimes with lethal and other extremely grave consequences”, that the death
          penalty may be imposed only when the guilt of the accused is “based upon clear
          and convincing evidence leaving no room for an alternative explanation of the
          facts” and that it sbould be carried out so as to inflict the minimum possible
          suffering. On the other hand, the lawful application of the death penalty
          ig lies coir ,liance with the guarantees of the due process of law, in
          conformity with articles 6, paragraph 2, and 14 and 15 of the International
          Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
          32. The Law of Hodoud and Qasas punishes with the death penalty a variety of
          actions aiming at the overthrow of the Government (arts. 198—200). capital
          punishment is also imposed for to the following (a) “all meIIers and
          supporters” who, knowing the stand of a group or association which rises in
          arms against the Government, actively participate in the furthering of such
          organization, even if they do not participate in the military wing (art. 198);
          (b) those plotting to overthrow the Government who procure arms and explosives
          to that purpose, as well as those who put means, tools and weapons at their
          disposal with knowledge and intention (art. 199); and (c) anyone who, in the
          plot to overthrow the Government, nominates himself for a sensitive post in
          the coup-d'6tat government and whose candidature is effective in any manner in
          realizing the coup d' tat (art. 200).
          33. The penal provisions mentioned above do not distinguish between crimes,
          serious crimes and the most serious crimes. In the absence of any distinction
          it may be understood that all the actions punishable by the death penalty are
          considered the most serious crimes-. The language used is extremely loose, and
          consequently includes members and supporters” of violent organizations, even
          though such wsupportersu have not necessarily participated in military
          action. Thus, all kinds of support are punished by the death penalty. This
          raises the question whether sympathizers are considered to be supporters and
          whether support includes ideological support and, for exaqle, the
        
          
          E/CN.4/1989/26
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          distribution of leaflets. There is no differentiation between substantial
          support and minor support, between active support or mere opinion.
          Furthermore, the use of the word “means” in article 199 of the Law of Bodoud
          and Qasas, in the absence of any qualification, implies that an extremely
          broad interpretation is technically admissible.
          34. There is no trace in the Law of lioudad of any gradation of penalty to
          accord with different degrees of participation in the offence. Criminal
          methodology distinguishes between degrees of liability in the iteroriminis ,
          either in terms of the offender's guilt or in terms of his supposed
          dangerousness. In descending order, punishment is imposed for the same
          offence on perpetrators, accomplices and accessories after the fact. In the
          case of offences coimnitted by groups of persons, the maximum sentence is
          generally given to some of the persons convicted and somewhat lighter
          sentences to the rest of the-joint defendants.
          35. The absence of these technical differentiations may result in a large
          number of death penalties, and the drafters of the new Penal Code may wish to
          examine technical innovations in order to reduce the offences punishable by
          the highest penalty and give the judges power to choose from a broad range of
          punishments in order to adapt each punishment to the particular circumstances
          of the offence and the conditions of the offender.
          36. In addition to technical arguments and the required coherence with the
          International covenant, enlightened opinion and indigenous schools of thought
          in the Islamic Republic of Iran may wish to bear in mind that there are groups
          of Islamic legal scholars and practitioners who recoioeuend the abolition of the
          death penalty for political crimes on the grounds that it is contrary to
          Islamic law. They state that the number of crimes punishable by the death
          penalty is limited. 3/
          C. Irregularities-concerning investigationand trial
          37. Irregularities during the investigation and trial of accused persons
          sometines result from the absence of legislation in keeping with international
          instruments, but more often from shortcomings in the enforcement and
          supervision of existing law. It may be useful to present for the
          consideration of the Iranian Government a brief catalogue of irregularities
          denounced under the terms of the International Covenant on civil and Political
          Rights.
          1. Arbitrary arrests
          38. According to recent information, the Supreme Judicial Council has issued
          a directive approving the imprisonment or exile for up to two years of anyone
          with a criminal record, even without evidence of further criminal acts.
          39. Detention of family merrbers of persons accused of political crimes in
          order to obtain information on their whereabouts appears to be a coimnon
          practice. These detainees rarely go on trial, but remain in gaol for
          unspecified, usually long, periods of time. An article in Etela'at on 4
          August 1987 reported that 36 parents had been arrested because their sons had
          not reported for military service.
        
          
          E/cN. 4/1989/26
          page 13
          40. The practice of aetention of prisoners after the expiration of their
          sentence has frequently been reported. This practice affects in particular
          political prisoners, and is reported to occur mainly when, in the opinion of
          the Lower echelons of authority, they are not sufficiently repentant, or are
          suspected of possible continuation of political activities upon release.
          Political prisoners are sometimes requested to sign a declaration undertaking
          that they will no longer participate in activities against the Government. If
          they fail to sign such a promise, they are remanded.
          41. Arrests are apparently so numerous that some high officials have
          requested the authorities to act with more moderation. A high—ranking
          official was reported on 6 June 1987 to have advised security forces to be
          satisfied with “the miniiraam number of arrests necessary', and to have said
          that the arrested persons should be promptly charged and tried.
          2. Information on reasonsfor arrest
          42. the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights prescribes that
          anyone who is arrested shall be informed iranediately of the reasons for his Or
          her arrest and the ensuing charges (art. 9, para. 2). The Iranian
          constitution contains a similar provision: In the case of arrest, charges
          and supporting evidence must be coimnunicated ininediately in writing to the
          prisoner and be elucidated to him” (art. 32).
          43. Information received over several years incicates that these provisions
          are not properly applied. Reliable witnesses have affirmed that many
          prisoners remain ignorant of the charges against them for weeks and even
          months, and that it is through interrogation that they sometimes learn of the
          reasons for their arrest.
          3. 1l1-treatment and torture
          44. Reports on ill—treatment and torture continued to be received. Arrests
          are said to be made in an intimidatory manner, and investigation, trial and
          serving of sentence are reportedly effected under duress, hardships and
          different kinds of torture. The Revolutionary Guards, some law enforcement
          officers and prisons warders have been specifically accused of a variety of
          biased procedures.
          45. The existence of torture has been officialy denied although indications
          of hardships during the first years of the Revolution have been alluded to.
          In an interview published by Die Welt on 10 August 1987, a very high
          government official stated: “there may have been hardships in interrogation in
          the early phase of the Revolution , and continued, “there is no torture in our
          Islamic Republic.... because it is forbidden by our constitution”, and ‘anyone
          using torture during interrogation is punished himself”. According to this
          statement, torture or ill—treatment are not condoned by the higher circles of
          power. This being the case, those circles may wish to undertake a thorough
          and impartial investigation of the reiterated charges conmiunicated by the
          United Nations during the past few years.
        
          
          E/CN. 4/1989/26
          page 14
          4. solitary confinement
          46. Former prisoners have complained of inconinunicado or solitary
          confinement, not as a disciplinary measure to punish misdemeanors related to
          the prison r gime, but as part of a method of obtaining confessions or
          information. According to witnesses with personal experience, the r rale a l a
          mental healtti of the prisoners suffer on account of this treatment.
          S. Legalaid
          47. The Iranian Constitution provides for legal aid: “in all the courts, the
          parties to the case have IIe right to choose their own lawyer aia, if a person
          cannot afford to secure legal counsel, it must be proviied for through legal
          aid'. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights states that
          everyone shall have adequate time and facilities to prepare his defence and to
          coninunicate with counsel of his own choosing, ala to have legal assistaite, in
          any case where the interests of justice so require, without payment in case of
          need (art. 14, para. 3 (b) and (d)).
          48. According to oral and written information received, political detainees
          have no opportunity to prepare their defence or coimnunicate with a legal
          counsel, nor do they receive legal assistance, Usually they are alone during
          the trial, which generally takes a few minutes and finishes before the
          defendants realize what is happening.
          6. Publichearing
          49. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights entitles
          defendants to a fair ala public hearing by a competent, independent ala
          impartial tribunal established by law, Only reasons of morals, public order
          or national security, or the interests of private parties, permit exclusion of
          the public and the press from the hearings (art. 14, para. 1). None the less,
          hearings concerning political defendants are usually held in the sole presence
          of judges and security officers, and without a lawyer, family members, the
          public or the press.
          7. calling of• witnesses
          50. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights prescribes, as a
          guarantee of a fair trial, the examination of witnesses against the defendant
          and the attendance, under the same conditions, of witnesses on his behalf
          (art. 14, para. 3 (e)). According to the information collected, judges
          usually rely more on confessions than on testimony, and officers in charge of
          the investigation try to obtain the defendants' confessions, by whatever means
          they consider appropriate. Defendants are not permitted to call witnesses in
          their own defence or to examine witnesses for the prosecution.
          8. Review bra higher tribunal
          51. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights states that
          everyone convicted of a crime shall have the right to have his conviction and
          sentence reviewed by a higher tribunal (art. 14(5)). The review of death
          sentences by the Supreme Judicial Council has been introduced recently. This
          revision is pertinent and in line with the International Covenants. None the
          less, it needs improve ment since, for the time being, the convicted person has
          no right to present statements with respect to his trial ala conviction.
        
          
          E/CN. 4/1989/26
          page 15
          9. Pardonorcorr,mutation of sentence
          52. The International covenant of Civial and Political Rights states that
          every person condemned to death is entitled to seek pardon or corlifiutatiOn of
          sentence (art. 6, pan. 4). According to reliable information, there is no
          such recourse under Iranian legislation.
          I ). Remedies
          53. In the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,
          States parties solennly undertake to adopt such legislative or oIIer measures
          as may be necessary to give effect to the rights recognized in the Covenant
          (art. 2, pan. 2). Insufficient legislation or flaws in application may be
          found in any country, and no country is iirmzune to abuse of power. On the
          understanding IIat some violations of human rights nay occur everywhere, IIe
          question of judicial remedies is an important one. Every State party to the
          International covenant on Civil and Political Rights is required to establish
          a legal and administrative system that ensures compliance with international
          obligations. Problems concerning human rights may be subject to an iunediate
          and equitable remedy.
          54. Each State party to the International covenant on Civil and Political
          Rights undertakes to ensure that any person wlr,se rights are violated shall
          have an effective remedy “notwiIIstanding that the violation has been
          corrmiitted by persons acting in an official capacity (art. 2, para. 3 (a)).
          Every person claiming such a remedy shall have his right thereto determined by
          competent judicial, administrative or legislative authorities, and to develop
          the possibilities of judicial remedy (art. 2. para. 3 (b)). Every person
          shall be ensured that the authorities shall enforce such remedies when granted
          (art. 2, para. 3 (cfl. In case of unlawful arrest or detention anyone shall
          have an enforceable right to compesention” (art. 9, para. 5).
          55. The Islamic Republic of Iran has officially informed the Human Rights
          ConwUttee, in its initial report (CCPR/C/l/Add. 58) of basic laws and
          regulations IIat have been adopted in order to guarantee human rights a lt
          fundamental freedoms. This report mentioned the following laws: (a) the State
          General Inspection Act, which enables the judiciary, on the basis of article
          174 of the Constitution, “to investigate, in its continuous and extraordinary
          inspections, any discord or offence coiraitted by civil and military organs and
          all the Revolutionary institutions, and to pursue the matter through legal
          channels until the attainment of the full results'; I I) the Administrative
          court of Justice Act, which empowers the Court, on the basis of article 173 of
          the Constitution “to investigate litigations, conQlaints and protests of IIe
          public against government officials, units or regulations 0 , and enables any
          individual to lodge a corplaint against any injustice or oppression coumiitted
          by government officials. Furthermore, the review of death sentences by the
          Supreme Judicial council has been introduced recently. These laws provide
          remedies, but, at present, for reasons which are not easy to determine, it
          appears that the action of government agencies in this field has not been
          sufficiently effective. To date there is no known case of punishment of a
          government official for abuse of power nor of compensation for arbitrary
          arrest. Citizens need to be assured that complaints against government
          agencies or officials will not be construed as destabilizing acts.
        
          
          E/CN. 4/1989/26
          page 16
          56. under these conditions, it aeems that definite and decisive action way
          come from the highest spheres of power, through the adoption of a determined
          policy and cori rehensive plannir4 for the enactment of appropriate legislation
          and the administration of such legislation. Political leaders have started to
          advise government agercies on huitianitarian treatment of prisoners. In that
          context, it is pertinent to note that a high—ranking official was quoted by
          Keyhan on 16 August 1987 as stating that prisoners should be well—treated and
          not harmed and insulted, and thfl those who had suffered ill—treatment should
          be compensated. Addressing the supreme Judicial Courcil, the same official
          stated, as reported by Keyhan in July 1987, that “if the rights of the people
          are safeguarded by the State judicial apparatus, then the r gime can be
          a j' st t& iLoeQ', ariA t .&t “it •.it Ca ? ' th2. % O fl t )6t ,tt f e. 3'&&ICLtl
          example in the world, then other countries will imitate us”.
          57. Examining the compliance of State parties with the International Covenant
          on Civil and Political Rights, tpe Human Rights Conmittee stated that it was
          not sufficient to prohibit torture, and inhuman or degrading treatment or
          punisinent or to make it a crime. States must ensure an effective protection
          through sane machinery of control”, and, “complaints about ill—treatment must
          be investigated effectively by competent authorities. Those found guilty must
          be held responsible, and the alleged victims must themselves have effective
          remedies at their disposal, including the right to obtain coipensation.” 4/
          V. GENERAL COUSIDERATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS
          58. The observations formulated by the Iranian Government on the final report
          of 1988 (E/CN.4/l988/24) and on the draft resolution, subsequently adopted by
          the Ccnoenission on Human Rights, oontained ir ortant views that were analysed
          in the interim report (A/43/705, paras. 52—63). In that document, the Special
          Representative considered IIat, flthough, in some respects, insufficient
          progress had been achieved to maKe the Iranian position convergent with the
          demands of binding international instruments, several positive approaches ar
          opinions had made those observaUofls useful, promising and conducive to a
          better understanding of views, wflch was a prerequisite for the inprovenent of
          the human rights situation.
          59. In the interim report. the special Representative expressed full
          conformity with the principle of fairness, objectivity and non—selectivity
          regarding the international system of human tights, as expressed in the
          coimuents made by the Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran
          during IIe consideration of the item at the forty—fourth session of IIe
          Cormuission on Human Rights. ‘r qo approaches seemed essential to ensure the
          fair use of that principle: first, the meticulous exclusion of political
          objectives, and second, the strictest adherence to the universally recognized
          protection of the inherent right of all human beings, irrespective of
          nationality, race, religion, political affiliation or sex. OEat principle
          should regulate all studies, activities and recormuendations regarding human
          rights.
          60. Anong the statements of the iranian Government, the following deserves to
          be highlighted: “matters raised by the Special Representative may still be
          is OEtttCe . t%tst*S4 IIt t tS W SV S k* L% t kiu ti , st%mtw
          from the [ injcompatibility between Islamic and international Law”.
          Furthermore, the Iranian Government indicated — and this may be the crucial
          point of that statement — its readiness to seek a practical approach to the
        
          
          E/cN. 4/1989/26
          page 17
          pending problems, a kind of modusoperandi purposely designed to attain
          specific results. As a matter of fact, provisionally setting aside questions
          of doctrine and philosophy, as happened during the adoption of the Universal
          Declaration of Human Rights, may facilitate IIe convergence between national
          and international human rights systems. Notwithstanding the importance of
          beliefs arid concepts in IIe world and society, what is needed first and
          foremost is compliance with international standards. The position of the
          Iranian Government, properly developed, may determine practical goals,
          establishing a scale of priorities and a timetable for their attainment, that
          is, for the formul.ation of a complete plan of action.
          61. Another interesting point was the assertion that the Iranian Government
          was ready to extend full co—operation to the competent organs of the United
          Nations. This assertion was, however, qualified by the indication of two
          obstacles: one concerning the language of the resolution of the Coiwnission on
          Human Rights and the other the sources of information used for the preparation
          of reports. Adopting a pragmatic approach, and in order to facilitate the
          progress of the current exercise, which is moving slowly but steadily, it
          might be considered a viable option to engage in a certain kind of dialogue
          and negotiation that could mainly be an exercise of persuasion, undertaken by
          the parties concerned. Instead of waiting for a change of circumstances and
          dispositions, some concerted contribution to such a change might be made .
          within a nodusoperandi , in which for example, a distinction could be drawn
          between what is essential and what is not, the abstract and the concrete, and
          areas where concessions can and cannot be made. The Special Representative
          expresses his willingness to engage in such an exercise.
          62. The Special Representative expresses appreciation for the co—operation
          that the Iranian Government has extended to him so far and reiterates his
          expectation of full co—operation in the near future, as repeatedly requested
          by the General Assembly and the Commission on Human Rights. The Special
          Representative reaffirms his belief that the agreement on some important
          issues recently reached with the Iranian Government constitutes a step forward
          in the discharge of his mandate, arid that recognition of the co—operative
          nature of the surveillarre of human rights by the United Nations, together
          with a pragmatic approach to pending problems, may lead to a gradual
          improvement of the current human rights situation along the lines requested by
          the competent organs of the United Nations.
          63. previous reports noted the coexistence of two complementary levels or
          structures concerning human rights, the normative and the administrative. The
          normative structure is formed by both international instruments and municipal
          law, the latter adapted to the former in order to constitute a harmonious
          legal body. It is up to each State party to the Charter of the United Nations
          and IIe International Covenants on Human Rights to take legislative and
          administrative measures to ensure the enjoyment of human rights. The
          obligation to investigate possible violations and eventually to redress them
          stems from the obligation concerning the protection of human rights . This
          obligation flows normally and necessarily from the agreed goals, as it is
          understood that those agreeing on the ends also agree to provide the means
          needed for their attainment. The refusal to provide the n ans for
          effectiveness would render the agreed goals meaningless and would constitute
          an infringen nt of IIe fundamental principle of good faith in international
          relations.
        
          
          Z/Q4. 4/1989/26
          page 18
          64. As the trial period for the penal Code has expired or is about to expire,
          the Iranian Government has a golden opportunity to co—ordinate that Code with
          international instrunents on human rights, Shortcomings regarding fair trial
          may be remedied, punishment may be graduated to fit the crime, the death
          penalty may be restricted to the rrost serious crimes, provisions on political
          crimes may be developed in a more sophisticated way, and punishments
          considered to constitute torture may be replaced by others that are Lore in
          conformity with international standards. This may be the opportunity to
          exempt juvenile offenders under the age of 18 from the death penalty .
          65. The Special Representative voices his concern with respect to the
          apparent flaws in the legal system, and in particular: (a) frequent
          irregularities regarding fair trial, such as the absence of prompt information
          of detainees regarding the charges against them, legal aid, presentation of
          witnesses and public hearings; (b) the large number of arrests and the
          intimidatory gannet in which they are carried out; (c) poor conditions of
          imprisonment, such as overcrowding, prohibition of regular visits by family
          members and friends and sometimes inoonrnunicado or solitary confinement.
          66. Reiterated and concurrent reports on ill—treatment and torture during
          investigation, trial and izr risonment continued to be received during the
          period under consideration. Oral information provided by first—hand witnesses
          and victims was pathetic and noving. The statements of witnesses convinced
          the Special Representative that the treatment of political prisoners in some
          Iranian prisons was inconsistent with international standards. As stated
          before, international obligations imply a duty to investigate complaints and
          ensure redress. The alleged facts, as described, are sufficient in nunter and
          nature to arouse suspicion that al]. is perhaps not as it should be, and
          therefore full and proufl investigation and redress are required.
          67. During the period under consideration, executions were reported to have
          been carried out in secret, apparently in order to avoid an uproar in the
          media and international public opinion. The trend over the past two years
          towards a steady reduction i t t the number of executions was abruptedly
          interrupted during the months of July , August and September 1988, when a wave
          of sunmiary executions took place following the invasion of the Islamic
          Republic of Iran by an irregular army. These events prompted the Special
          Rapporteur on sulmiary and arbitrary executions to resort to the urgent appeal
          procedure in an effort to put an end to the anomalous situation. The Special
          Representative shared the concern of the Special Raptorteur and supported his
          action.
          68. The global denial of the wave of executions which allegedly took place
          from July to September of last year and, according to recent information,
          continued in October, Noventer and DeceIIer 1988, is not sufficient to dismiss
          the allegations as unfounded, within the framework of normal procedures for
          the international ironitoring of human rights, concrete allegations slould be
          refuted in concrete terms, therefore circumstantiated replies are needed to
          clarify the facts. There is no doubt that an invasion of Iranian territory
          was undertaken by rebel Iranian groups in July 1988, and that bloody battles
          ensued in towns and villages along the border with Iraq. None the less the
          allegations received from several sources, including non—governmental
          organizations, and reported in the media, referred to sunnuary executions in
          places that were not affected by military operations. Many allegations
          contained names, places and dates of supposed executions, and some of them
        
          
          E/CN.4/1989/ 2 6
          page 19
          referred to persons arrested long before those events had taken place and to
          former prisoners who were rearrested. These allegations deserve to be the
          subject of detailed investigation and information from the Government
          corcerned, in conformity with international practice. In particular, it may
          be expected that the application of the norms on fair trial with respect to
          each case should be investigated and the results of that investigation
          reported.
          69. Independently of the Lotivations behind suninary executions, and even on
          the assumption of compliance with the penal norms in force with respect to the
          application of capital punishment, suJr rtary executions suggest per Se that
          there are flaws or loopholes in the normative system for a fair trial.
          Sunmiary executions do not Provide enough time to prepare the defence of the
          accused or to present proof, still less do they allow for the examination of
          such proof beyond reasonable doubt. Whenever there is a sununary execution the
          preliminary presumption is that the norms for a fair trial have been
          disregarded or do not exist, Certainly this preliminary presumption may be
          dispelled if it is demonstrated that the norms for a fair trial have been duly
          applied. The preliminary presumption referred to is one of IIe specific
          reasons for the particular interest of the international coimnunity regarding
          suninary executions, reflected, inter-alia , in the continuous ncnitoring of
          such events by a special rapporteur.
          70. The number of political prisoners is another matter of concern. Even on
          the basis of official figures, the number is high and has moved high—ranking
          of ficers to demand noderated zeal in the application of security means aired
          at preserving order and Peace. It seems that there is sane veracity in the
          allegations that persons may be gaoled on the basis of mere suspicion of
          misdoing or on account of adverse political opinions or political criticism.
          In other words, it seelis that there are indeed a number of prisoners of
          conscience.
          71. the situation of the Baha'is continued to be uncertain. Two meirbers of
          the Baha'i coitinunity were reportedly executed in November 1988. AlthOugh the
          number of prisoners diminished to around 100 and no new arrests have been
          reported since February 1988, there were proofs of harassment and persecution
          of those who remained free. Copies of official documents and advertisements
          in local newspapers confirmed that the Baha'is continued to be denied access
          to universities as well as en loyment. Their frozen or confiscated property
          has not been returned to them and their coimnercial licences were removed or
          refused, depriving them of their means of livelihood. Concurrent reports
          indicated that they were incessantly advised that all hardships would cease as
          soon as they recanted their faith.
          72. It is not advisable to dismiss any allegation on the nere ground of the
          supposed political bias of the source collecting the information. The
          collecting or intermediary source may be distinguished from the direct
          source. As explained in previous reports, the Special Representative is
          primarily interested in individual cases, because the rights enshrined in the
          International Covenant on Civil and political Rights are individual rights.
          Certainly in evaluating evidence, information collected by independent sources
          may, in principle, have more weight than that from compromised ones. In the
          cases under consideration, the information was provided by various sources,
          such as witnesses with personal experience of the facts, Iranian newspapers,
          media from several countries and non—governmental organizations, and they
          broadly corroborated each other.
        
          
          E/(2N. 4/198W26
          page 20
          73. when introducing his interim report to the Third Coirinittee, the Special
          Representative stated that recent political events in the region of the
          Persian Gulf could have a positive incidence on the general atriosphere and be
          conducive to increasing respect for the effective observance of human rights
          in conformity with international requirements and standards. The introduction
          highlighted the expectations stemming from the cease—fire between Iraq and the
          Is lamic Republic of Iran and welcomed that development. In fact, the
          cease—fire was one of the most celebrated international achievements in 1988
          and sbould constitute the first step towards a stable and just peace. The
          Special Representative again ecpresses his immense satisfaction and deep
          appreciation for that development which has rightly been acclaimed by the
          international coiauunity. The Special Representative also expects that, under
          the new circumstances, the Iranian Government will soon turn its positive
          attention to pending human rights problems, as indicated in the official
          statement made by its Permanent Representative to the United Nations.
          74. It seems that, in order to improve the human rights situation, at both
          the legislative and administrative levels, a firm, consistent and enforceable
          policy adopted by the highest authorities may be necessary. As an important
          part of that policy, investigation of abuse of power at all levels of the
          administration and in particular at the level of law enforcement units would
          have to be undertaken as a matter of urgency and priority, punishing violators
          and compensating victims. Now that the Iranian Government is in a position to
          turn its attention to human rights, these grievances may find timely and
          pertinent relief.
          75. The Special Representative continues to believe that the Islamic Republic
          of Iran might benefit from the establishment of a national commission on human
          rights, Such a body could be eomposed of independent, competent and
          representative personalities, with full guarantees Eor travelling ,
          contnunications inside and Outside the country, collection of information,
          visits to prisons and prisoners, access to the authorities, exposure to the
          media and guaranteed exercise Of independent functions.
          76. The Iranian Government may wish to consider the establishment of a
          progranune of information on hu ian rights for law enforcement personnel and
          take advantage of the technical assistance provided by the Centre for Human
          Rights of the United Nations.
          77. In order to solve the pending problems regarding the resolutions of the
          competent organs of the United Nations the Special Representative considers it
          timely and appropriate to plead with the Government of IIe Islamic Republic of
          Iran, as a matter of urgency, to take measures such as the following: (a) to
          extend full co—operation to the Special Representative for a total fulfilment
          of his mandate, including a visit to the country; (b) to investigate all
          allegations of human rights violations and to report in detail on the result
          of such investigations; (c) to take legislative and administrative steps to
          ensure fair trials; (a) to ensure that the prison r gime conforms to
          international standards and that prisoners are not subjected to unjustified or
          unnecessary hardships; (e) to suppress ill—treatment and torture, during both
          investigation and imprisonment ; (f) to limit use of the death penalty strictly
          to the nost serious crir s, to exempt from the death penalty those under
          18 years of age and to replace punishments involving torture by punishments
          compatible with international standards ; and (g) to ensure that a firm policy
          of compliance with international instruments on human rights is adopted and
          enforced by the highest competent officials.
        
          
          E/cN. 4/1989/26
          page 23.
          78. In consclusion, the basic pattern of the human rights situation of the
          past few years still prevails, with its essential features, but with changes
          here and there. The Special Representative maintains his belief that acts
          persist in the Islamic Republic of Iran that are inconsistent with
          international instruments on human rights, and that the prevailing situation
          in that country justifies international concern, study and constant rronitoting
          by the United Nations and its specialized organs such as the Commission Ofl
          Human Rights.
          Notes
          1/ official 1 ecords of the General Assembly, Thirty—seventh Session,
          Supplement No. 40 (A/37/40), annex V 1 general comment 7 (16), para. 2.
          V Ibid. , general comment 6 (16), paras. 6 and 7.
          V Les-droits-de l'honne-en-Islara , International commission of Jurists,
          University of Kuweit and Arab Lawyers Union, Report of an international
          syn osium held in Kuweit, December 1980, chap. I I, recommendation 36.
          j / Official Records of the General Assembjy, Thirty—seventh Session;
          Stpp leiSnt No. 40 (A/37/40), annex V . general conunent 7 (16), para. 1.
        
          
          E/CN. 4/1989/26
          page 22
          Annex
          NAMES AND PARTICULARS OF PERSONS ALLEGEDLY EXECUTED IN THE
          ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN WRING THE PERIOD JULY-DECEMBER 1988
          Name Forename Date P lace
          ABBASSI A u 12.88 Babol
          ABDI Mohazwnad Esmaeil 12.88 Babol
          BDOLHOSSEINI Mohsen 11.88 Tebran
          ABDOLI KANALI Majid 9.88 Tabriz
          ABDOLLABI 11.88 Tehran
          ABDOLWII Amir 9.88 Tebran
          ABDOLLAHI Abo lhassan 9.88 Tebran
          ABDOLVAGHAB 9.86 Tebran
          ABEDI t4ostafa 11.88 Anzali
          A EDI Abbass 11.88
          ADAD—AVAZ Es aat 11.88 Shiraz
          ADAB—AVAZ Fatemeh 11.88 Shiraz
          ADAB—AVAZ Hossein 11.88 Sbiraz
          ADIBI Sjrus 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          M EA l Abo lghassem
          AFSHAR 12.88 isfahan
          AFSHAR 12.88 Karaj
          AESHARLU Afaad 10.88 Tebran (Evin)
          AGAE 11.88 Mashhad
          AGHA HOSSEINI Reza 9.88 Tebran
          AGHAEI Majid 11.86 Bebbahan
          AGHAEIAX I Farab 9.88 Tehrafl
          AGHAYAN 12.88
          AGHAYAN lIIio laziz 12.88 Larestan
          AGHVAMI 12.88
          AGHVAMI Mehdi Mohammed 9.88 Tehrafl
          AEMAD-ZADEH Rezwan
          ABMADDI -NAWARA All
          ANMADI Ashraf 11.86 Tehran
          XdIMADI Fariba 6. 6.88 Isfahan
          AMMADI Moha,maad 6. 8.88 Isfahan
          ABMADI Hushang 11.88 Hamedan
          AHMADI Asieh 9.88 Tehran
          AHMADI—NAWARA Me zgin
          AMMADZADEH Esma'i i 12.88 Bushehr
          AUSANI Davood 11.88 Tehran
          ?I IU3ARI Mabmood 11.88 Kermanshab
          AKBARI Feizo l lah 12.88 Gorgan
          AKBARI NAMDAR Gho lam Reza 9.86 Tabriz
          AEBARIAN A o1saheb 11.88 Behbahan
          AKBARISEFAT Ebrahim 12.88 Karaj
          AKBARZAD YOSSEFI Mohaggued Hossein 10.88 Tabriz
        
          
          E/CN. 4/19b9,2 :
          page 23
          Name Forename Date place
          AKHLAGHI Seyed Mohaiwnad 11.88 Tehran (Evin )
          AIQILAGHI Asghar 9.88 Busheht
          AL—E-TAHA 11.88
          PdAEI—KBASTU Masoud 10.88 Tehran
          ALAV I Reza 11.88 Bushehr
          ALAVI Reza 12.88 Bushehr
          AL l— POO R Hassan 12.88 Shiraz
          AL l—POOR Ijossein 12.88 Shiraz
          M.IZADEH All 11.88 Babol
          ALUKI Ghassem 29.10.88 Tehran (Evin)
          ANIN—OL—1UL.IEH Shams 9.88 Tehran (Evin)
          AL4IN—OO—DQLEH Shamsi 3. 6.88 Tehran
          AMIt4I Masumeb 11.88 Kermanshah
          A ICINI—KHAK Masha llah 12.88 Bushehr
          AMIRI tthsen 9.88 Arak
          AhIIRZ AD I
          AMJADI Aidolnasser 12.88 Karaj
          AM ZEGAR Reza 1.11.88 Shiraz
          MAGHI Majid 9.88 Tebran (Evin )
          ABAGHI Bebzad 12.88 Tehran (Evin)
          ARBAB TEHRMJI Ghassem 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          ARDALAN 12.88 Hamedan
          APDEBIZ,I Mehrdad 9.88 Tehran
          A RI AN Mabmud 11.88 Gorgarz
          ARIAN Heshmatollab 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          AS ARI 9.88 Karaj
          ASADI Nader 11.88 Isfahan
          ASA DI A u 12.88 Mashhad
          ASGAB -K HANI Majid 9.88 Tebran
          ASGAR—S I IABI Zabra 17.11.88 Tehran
          ASGARI Abmad 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          ASGABI Aid Reza 10.88 Tehran (Evin)
          ASGARI Mansur 11.88 Haoeedan
          ASGARI All Reza 11.88 Tehran (gym)
          ASGART A u Reza 10.88 Tehran
          ASGARIPOOR 9.88 Gorgan
          ASGARI—ZADEH Mabmud 11.88 Tehran
          ASGEAR—NE OED Esnaei l 9.88 Langarood
          ASGLMR-ZADEL Mabmud 11.68 Mzali
          ASGHAR—Z I4DEH Farid 12.88 Tehran
          ASGEARIPO UR 9.88 Gorgan
          ASHRAFI Mohaimaad 12.88
          AS HTARI Mehrdad 10.88 Karaj
          ASLANI Majid 9.88 Mianeh
          ASNA—IiSHARI Akbar 7.11.88 Isfahan
          ASQARZADEH vahid 9.88 Tehran
          ASSADI—ZADEH 11.88 Tabriz
          ASSADPO(JR Jalal 11.88 Tehran
          ASSIAZANI EIIOSCO 10.68 Tabriz
          ATIGHER— cHI Kama l 25.11.68 zanjan
          ATIK Golali
          ATTAB-ZADEH Behruz 11.88 Tehran
          AYATOLLA—ZADEH Razieh 1.11.88 Tehran
          AZAD Mazaher 11.88 Anzali
          AZADME HR Safdar 9.88 Karaj
        
          
          E/Qq. 4/1989/26
          page 24
          Name rorename Date P lace
          AZALI Reza 8.88 Tebran (Evin)
          AZAMI Uushang 11.88 Isfahan
          AZANI Abdo lrazagh 7.12.88 Shiraz
          AZAR k lokhtar 11.88 Shiraz
          AZIM—ZaD EB Mehdi 9.88 Tehran
          AZMUDEH Mi Reza 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          AZMUDEH LEKAMI Fakhri 12.86 Rasi t
          MBA SAB B Biok 8.88 Tebran (Evin)
          BABAEI 11.88 Kerman shab
          BABA I Beheshteh 11.88 Rasht
          BABAKHANI Hasan
          BABA1 (H1 NI Hushang 8.88 Tehran
          BA B E l Masoud 11.88 Anzali
          BA RI Saeid 11.88 Anzali
          BABRI Farzan 11.88 Anzali
          BABRI Iraj 11.88 Anzali
          BADIE I 10.68 Nashad
          BADRI Nasser 3.11.88 Oru'nieh
          B AGHA I Faribotz .
          BAGHER—Z A DE H . Tahereh 10.88 Mashad
          BAGHERX Zenab . 11.88 Ahwaz
          Ebrahim 11.88 Mashhad
          BAGNERI . . Mi 11.88 Anzali
          BAGHERI Javad 11.88 Kermanshah
          8AGHERI Parvin 12.88 Ahwaz
          B AGHERI . 12.88 tIIwaz
          BAGHERI TAVA Nezhat 10.88
          BAGHI . haiwaad 7.88 Ehoram—Abad
          BAHADOR . . Soheila 9.88 Pebran
          BAHADORI Ebrahim 12.88 Shiraz
          BANMAN-ABADX
          BAHNAN—ABADI ,
          BAHRA MI 9.88 Pehran (Evin)
          11.88 Tehran
          BAKUSHI . Majid 9.88 Hamedan
          BAKHT—AVM 11.88
          BALA'I Taber 12.88
          BANANI Abdoihossein 11.88 Tebran
          BANI AMERI ahim 9.88 Kataj
          BANI JANGALU Abmad 3.11.88 Orunileb
          BANI—ANERIMi Reza 9.88 Kataj
          BANIRI A b dol—Sattar 9.88 Isfahan
          BAQA'I Shahin 11.88 Shiraz
          BAQE,RZADEE Nasrin 10.88 Tehran
          BARADARAN 12.88 Quchan
          BARANI Mehrdad 9.88 Boroojerd
          BARABI Shamsi 11.88 Mashhad
          BAMPI Mohsen 9.88 Mashhad
          8ARATI jtaba 9.88 Mashhad
          BARAZANDEH Masumeh 9.88 Gachsaran
          BARZ—ABADI 9.88 Tebran (Evin)
          BAYAT 9.88 Arak
          BAZARGAN Beghar . Tebrari
          BAZARGANI 10.88 Kermanshah
          BAZZAZ Tal ier 9.88 Tehran
        
          
          E/CN. 4/1989/26
          page 25
          Name Forename Date place
          BEEBOODI A u Akbar 9.88 Rasht
          BEHESHTI Hu n 10.88 Tehran
          BEHNAN—ZADEH Behruz 10.88 Tehran
          BEUZADI Manouchehr
          BEUZADI Mostafa 10.88 Tehran
          BEIK -ALI A u Ajcbar 6. 8.88 Tebran (Evin)
          BIABA1 AKI Behnam 9.88 Seaman
          BIDARIAN Bahram 12.88 Karaj
          BIDGOLI Mohsen
          BIGDELI Mehrdad 11.88 Labijan
          BIGDEL.I Mehrdad 11.88 Lahijan
          BIJAN—YAR Zahra 11.88 Karaj
          (Gohardasht)
          BIJANI Akbar 9.88 Karaj
          BIK—MOjff 1 MADI Noharwi ad Reza 9.88 Tebran
          BIKU—EQBAL Fatemeh—Zahra 12.88 Tebran
          BQO—INX Kameran 11.88 Tebran
          B OO— t N t Kjctctars 11.88 Tehrafl
          BOODAGHI Nosratol lab 11.68 Hamedan
          BORDBAR 12.88 Fassa
          BOSTARX Ghassem 10.88 Arak
          BOZORG RASHID Manuchehr 11.88 Karaj
          BOZQRG—BASHAR Manuchehr 8.89 Lahijan
          BU SH EH E I A u 16.12.88 Tehran (Evin)
          B(JZAR—Jc* IEI3RI Hashem 25. 11.08 Tehran (Evin)
          CHAHA —BASHLU Yazdan 9.88 Tebran
          CHAHMDAH CHERIK Cholam 9.88 Cact i—Saran
          CHAMAN Behzad 11.88 Rasht
          CaANGIZI Fariba 12.88 Shiraz
          CREHRI Zabihoflab 9.88 Karaj
          CHENARI Aoeir 12.88 Tehran
          CH 1 AGHI Rabman 9.88 Tehran
          cHGHRI Sobbatolla 9.88 Karaj
          CBOOBDM 11.88 Tel -iran
          CHUB IYAN Kurosh 12.88 Tehran (Evin)
          DABB ACH MohaimBad 30. 7.88 Khorrata Abad
          DADGAR Farzad
          DALIRI 11.88 Raslit
          DAL.IRI Massoud 9.88 Tehrafl
          DANAEI Mohanaad Ebrahim 9.88 Seaman
          DANESH Abiliad
          DANIALI Sa'id 12.88 Tetiran
          DAR—AFARI Reza 9.88 Lahijan
          DARABI Masoud 11.88 Gorgan
          DARIABARI 9.88 Tehran (Evin)
          DARYARI Mebdi 9.88 Fassa
          DARYEKBAl DI Assado l lah
          DAVOOD-ZADEB 11.88 Rasht
          DAVOODI Hossein 11.88 Babel
          DAV00 0I Moharilnad—Taqi 9.88 Tehran
          DEGARAN Behrooz 12.88 t4ashad
          DEHNADI Abmad 11.88 Tehran
          DEHNADI fladi 9.88 Tehran
          DELKASH Faramarz 9.88 Karaj
          DERAKHSHANI—NIA Mehri 11.88 Tehrafl
        
          
          E/ . 4/1989/26
          page 26
          Name Forename Date Place
          DEzFuLr y Ramin 7. 10.88 Tebran
          DIA 1 AT Chassetifi 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          DI?.RI 12.88 Fassa
          WLAT—ABADI 11.88 Sabzevar
          DOLAT—ABADI 11.88 Sabzevar
          IAT—A 13ADI 11.88 Sabvezar
          DOLATI NODEH Ramazan liii 12.88 Gorgan
          DOLATI WDEII Ghaflbar 12.88 Gorgan
          DtXST—MDU1&t(&Ot Ramid 10.88 Semnan
          WROOD MobaIwaad 11.08 Karaj
          EBBAHIM—POOR All Akbar 25.10.88 Gorgan
          EBRAHIMI 11.88 Shabrood
          EBRAHIMI Sadigheb 11.88 Shiraz
          EBRAHIMI flassan 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          EBRAHIMI A u 2.12.88 tebran (Evin )
          EBRAHIMI Siamak 11.88 Karaj
          EBRAHIMI 10.88 Isfahan
          EBRAHIMI 12.88 Fassa
          EBRAHIMI garuid 12.88
          EBRAHIMI ijadi 12.88
          EBRAHIMI GUDARZI Azizolla 10.88 Boroujerd
          EDAIJAT }Josein 9.88 Tebran
          EDAREH 11.88 Shiraz
          EDAREH 11.88 Shiraz
          EFTEKHARI Hohaimi ad Reza 10.88 Tehran
          EGHBALI NIkMIN Nemat 9.88 Karaj
          (Chezelhesar)
          E INOL — YAG HIN Zohreh 13.12.88 Tehran (Evin)
          EIVAZ—ZADEH 25. 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          EIVAZ—ZADEB 25.11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          EKHTIARI 11.88 Kerend
          EKRAMI Beza 10.88 Zanjan
          EKRAMI pshinad 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          EKZIA Mina 10.88 Tehran (Evin)
          EMMiI $eyed Taher 9.88 Tehran
          EMP.D1 CHASHMI Seyed Rojatollah 12.88 GhaeTR—Shahr
          I4ehrdad 11.88 Tebran
          E W4I Saeid 11.88 Tebran
          EMAMI aeid 10.88 Tehran (Evin)
          EMAMI Akbar 6. 8.88 Isfahan
          EMA}4I i4ohauinad 10.88 Tehran (Evin)
          ENT EZARI Mina 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          ENTEZARI j2arshia 9.88 Tehran
          ESFANDIARI flrshad 9.88 Tehran
          ESFANDIARI Mostafa 9.88 Tehran
          ESKANDAR TAZKIEHEI Mitra 12.88 Tehran
          ESKANDARI yariborz 10.88 iIIwaz
          ESMAEIL—ZADEH I aSu1 10.88 Tehran
          ESMAEIL.I 11.88 Kermanshah
          ESMABILI Saber 9.86 Tehran
          ESL lAEILIAN 12.88 Isfahan
          ESMAIL— ZADEH tzahmat
          ESMAIL—ZADER Oadi'e
          ESSMAEIL—ZArJEH assan 11.88 Babolsar
          ETRAK Farrokh—Zad 8.88 Isfahan
        
          
          E/0L4/1989/26
          page 27
          Name Forename Date Place
          ETRAK Farhad 8.88 Tehran (Evin)
          FADAEI Ashraf 9.88 Tebran (Evin)
          FADAEI—NIA Farhang 1. 8.88 Ahwaz
          FAICHAR 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          FM 1 ABATI Zahra 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          FALLAH Sirus 12.88 Pwiol
          FAIJLAB Reza 11.88 Tehran
          FANI Mehrdad 11.88 Tehran
          FARAHaAND Mohainnad 23.11.88 Shiraz
          FARARMAND Gila 12.88 Shiraz
          FM A3—PWR Sijan 13.12.88 Shiraz
          FARA.YI Mabmud 10.88 Varamin
          FA1 A JI t4abmud 10.88 Tehran (Evin)
          FARIAD—ABADI Hassan 9.88 Tabriz
          FARIDI Mussa 11.88 Semnan
          FARIG HI Sosan
          FARJAD—AZAD Mehrdad
          FATEMI Hossein 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          FATEMI $eyed Mohirgiiad 9.88 Behbahan
          PATH—AL l Nayereb 9.88 Tebran
          FAOE I Avaz 10.88 Varamifl
          FATW [ Mussa 9.88 Rudsar
          FATHI Abbass 12.88 Tebran
          FATHI Vazir 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          FATHI Hossein 9.88 Tehran
          FATHOLLAHI Hojatolla 8.88 Kermanshah
          FATTAMI aa la l 11.88 Tehran
          FAYAZPOUR Reza 19.11.88 Rhoram—Abad
          FEIZ Shahriar 9.88 Tebran
          FEIZ—ABADI Hassan 11.88 Tehran
          FEIZ—MADI S ssein 11.88 Tebran
          FEIZ—P.BADI Z lohaum iad 12.88 Sabzevar
          FIRUZI Abbass 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          FORGEANIAN Hassan 11.88 Bandar Abbass
          FORMGAH Majid 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          tRUZAt4DEH Said 10.88 liafshejan
          Shahr—Kord
          FREYDOOWI Mebdi 11.88 Karaj
          GARMrnJDI l4anuchehr 10.88 Arak
          GRADIANI Madam 9.88 Tehran
          G HADIANI MOjt4ba 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          GHADLANI Siamak 9.88 Tebran
          GRADIRI 9.88 Tabrjz
          GHAFPARI Saeid 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          G HAFOUR I A u 9.88
          GHAFOtJRI Reza 9.88
          GHAEAR—POOR 12.88 AJT I0 I
          GHAHREMA}II 11.88 Mashhad
          GRAUREMANI Bijan 12.88 Ahwaz
          GHALA—VAND Javad 12.88 Ahwaz
          GUALAM—BOR Rossein 10.88 Tehran (Evin)
          GHALAMBOR ifiosse in
          GHANBARI Babman
          GRANBARI Hushang 11.88
          GHANBARI Shahnaz 10.88 Masjed Soleiwian
        
          
          E/CN. 4/1989/26
          page 28
          Name Forena me Date Place
          GHANBARI Hushang 11.88 Kerman
          GRANOHARI Manuchebr 11.80
          GHANDI sassan
          GHANIMATI Mojtaba 10.68 Te l -iran (Evin)
          GHAWIMATI—OL—Kt RIZI s i m m 11.88 Tebran
          GHASHGIIAEI t4orad 11.80 Tehran (Evin)
          GHASHGMAEINq Asghar 11.88 Tehrafl
          GHASRGHAEIAN Reza 11.88 Tebran
          GHASSEMI 3.11.88 Orumieb
          CHASSEMI All Reza 10.88 Arak
          GH/ SSEMI sa l man 10.88 Tabriz
          GHASSEMI Ramin 23.10.88 Rasht
          G I IASSEMI 12.88 Tehran
          CHAVAMI Taher
          CHAZI TIBATABASI Masoud 10.88 Tebran (Evin)
          GHIASVAND Seyfo llab
          GHOSADIAN Hamid 11.88 Tehran
          CHOBADIAN 11.88 Tebran
          GHOBADXAN 11.88 Tebran
          GHOLPsMI 30. 7.88 Salmnas
          GHOLAMI 11.88 Orumieh
          GUOLP 4 MI A l -i 9.88 Tebran
          GHOLAMI cHWHKI samad 9.88 Tabriz
          GHOLI—POOR 11.88 Ghaem—Shahr
          GHOLI—POJR Mabmud 9.88 Zanjan
          GHOMIAN Bebrooz 9.88 Tehran
          GHORBAt4I Ahinad 3.11.88 Orumieb
          GHORZISHI Mahin 9.88 Tebran
          GHOREYSHI Davo ud
          GHOSSI Yassin 11.88 Bandar ?bbass
          GOLABI Mahfl100d 8. 1.88 Isfahan
          GOLBARG Babran 9.88 Karaj
          GOLC}IIAN Mohaomiad 11.88 Ghaem-.Shahr
          GOLCHIN A U 11.88
          COLCHTN Khadijeh 11.88 Karaj
          GOUOHMNADi 10.88 Hafshejan
          Shahr—Kord
          GOLPYGANI Mohaiwnad 11.68 Semnan
          G DARZ I Minu 23.11.88 Shiraz
          GOODARZI ShakIIaz 23.11.88 Shiraz
          GORGIN Yossef 11.88 Gorgan
          GORJ AN I
          GORJI Khosro 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          C O R a l—N r A Javad 11.88 Bandar (Anzali)
          GRA I 4I 12.88 Isfahan
          GiJDARZI Kiomars 10.88 Arak
          GURAN nadi 9.88 Karaj
          HABIB—RAD 9.88 Tebran (Evin)
          HADI—PWR Seyed Hamid 9.88 Abwaz
          (Shamosodin)
          HADIAN Hamid Reza 10.88 Tebran (Evin)
          RA]X [ KNANLU Amir Husang 9.88 Tehrafl
          HAGH-BAOEN Gho larn
          HAGH—SHENASS Abbass 11.88 Shiraz
          HAGHI MANIE Hamid 10.88 Tabriz
        
          
          E/CN. 4/1989/26
          page 29
          Name Forename Date P lace
          HAGH IGHAT-4 U Hossein 3. 8.88 Teh ran
          HAGHIGMI Monazar 9.88 Tebran (Evin)
          I3AGH IGNIIN Mi Naghi 11.88 Rasht
          NM SAMADI Mi Reza 12.88 Tebran
          HAJI ALT Mahbubeb 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          HAJI ISFANA I JARRc*1I 12.88 Shi.raz
          HAJI ISFARANI JAHROMI 12.88 Shiraz
          HAJI ISFAUAfrI JABR 4I 12.88 Shiraz
          HMI ISFABANI JA RROMI 12.88 Shiraz
          HAJI MOHANMADI Habib 12.88 Babol
          HAJI MOHAI4MADI Hazaher 12.88 Babol
          HMIAX4 Liii 9.88 Tebran
          BAJIZADEH Leila (Sediqeh) 9.88 Tebran
          RAKOE II Shabriar 11.88 Tehran
          HAKIMI t j, o 12.88 Shiraz
          HANEDARI Farhad 8.88 Kerend
          HAMID—ZADEN 11.88 rehran (Evin)
          Fereshteh 9.88 Tebran
          HA14 1D 1 Sohei la 9.88 Tehran
          3.11.88 Oruinieh
          HANJ NEJAD M.i 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          HANZEH LUIAN Mohaninad 9.88 Arak
          HAQVERDI All 9.88 Tebran
          HARIRI Abmad 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          HAR m Jafar 26.11.88 Tehran
          HARIRI Mansur 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          HARIRI Mohsen 11.88 Rasht
          HARIRI Yagnoob 11.88 Zanjan
          HABIRI Masoud 12.88 Mashhad
          HARIRI Masoud 10.88 Tehran
          HARIRTAN Hamid 11.88 Rasht
          HARIRIAN Hamid 10.88 Tebran (Evin)
          HASHEMI Jafar (Hadi) 8.88 Masbad
          }JASHEMI Jamshid 9.88 Isfaban
          HASHEMIAN Nina 10.88 Kermanshah
          HASHEMIAN Abo lfaz l 9.88 Qazyin
          EASIU -PAR Nebd I
          HASSAN ABADI t4ehdi 9.88 Mashhad
          HASSA2 1t-ZADSH Chassem 9.88 Langarood
          HASSANI Davood 9.38 Tehran (Evin)
          HASSM4I Mohannad 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          HASSM 1I Mohamaa Taghi 9.88 Tebran
          BASSANI PAR Mehdi 11.88 Tehran
          HASSANI—ZADEjI Eandd Reza 12.88 Tehran
          HATAMI Hedayotta lah
          HhTAMI Amir 9.88 Tebran
          HAVARESHIAN Ghodsi 12.88 Tehran
          HAYDA3I Zafar
          HAZAL—UJ Mohannad 10.88 Arak
          BE1DASD ST iamed 12.88 Tehrari
          HEIDARI 31. 7.88 Mashad
          HEIDARI Mebdi 9.88 Karaj
          HE IDARI Mohaninad 9.88 $hiraz
          HEIDARI Seifollab 11.88 Ahwaz
          HEID IiRI 11.88 Mnol
        
          
          E/CN. 4/1989/26
          page 30
          Name Forename Date Place
          HEIDARX—NEJAD Karim 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          HEJAZI Seyed Reza 11.88 Babolsar
          HEHMATI 9.88 Semnan
          HEMMATI 9.88 Seninan
          HEMMATI Aghdass 11.88 Tehran
          HEMMATI 11.88 Teliran
          HESSAZ4I Seifo l lah 8.88 Ahwaz
          HESSAMI Seifo l lah 11.88 Ahwaz
          HOMAYON Parviz 10.88 Zanjan
          Ha4AYOONI—RAD Najid 9.88 Qazvin
          HcOSRMAND Anin 11.88 Shiraz
          HOE Mabmood 12.88 Ramsar
          I SEINI Hassan 12.88 Bushehr
          HOSEINI Nasrollab 9.88 Karaj
          I IDSEINPOOR Qo lam 12.88 Bushehr
          HOS$EIN—ZADEH blanuchebt 11.88 Sebbahan
          HOSSEINI Parviz 9.88 Gach—Saran
          HOSSEINI Habib 10.88 Tehran
          LESSE INI Mohanujad Hossein 9.88 Tehran (Evin)
          HOSSEINI Seyed EsmaeU. 9.88 Tehran
          BDSSEINPOUR shafi
          MuSHI Mabmud 14. 9.88 Tabriz
          HUSHMAND Jafar 1.1.88 Tebran
          I GEHE I k4ostafa 9.88 Tehran
          IMANI LWDSH—KHU Majid 11.88 Lahijan
          INAGNI Yar—Aba*ad 9.88
          ISLI IMBUL—cuI Hainid 11.88 Mashhad
          ISLA I4I Parab 11.88 11am
          JABBARI Freydoon 25.11.88 Zanjan
          JABBARIAN 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          JABBARIAN 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          JAFFA I 10.88 Mashad
          JAFFA RI Moharani Mi 11.88 Rasht
          JAHAN—BAXHSH Ebrahim 11.88 Behbahan
          JABfl4I 9.88 Tebran
          JALALI Hasan
          11.88 Zanjan
          JALALI Kheiro l lah 9.88 Tehran
          JALA L I Karin 12.88 Tehran
          JALALIAN 12.88 Qazv n
          JALALIAN A u 11.88 Hagedan
          JALILI 9.88 Lahijan
          JAMAL ! Mobsen 9.88 Shahrood
          OEMS BID I Faramarz 9.88 Tebran
          JANG—ZADEH Mab lnood 9.88 Tehran
          JARAF—ZADEH Mabmud 29. 7.88 Khoy
          JAVAN Mohauraad 9.88 Teran
          JAVAN SHOJAA Chassem Tehran (Evin)
          JAVANI Akbar 12.88 Gohardasht
          JAVIDFAR 3a ar
          JAVIDNIA Mas'ood 9.88 Karaj
          JAZAIQI 9.88 ‘rebran
          JER Farhad 12.80 Tehran
          JESTAN Robert 9.88 Tehran
          JODAT Hossein
        
          
          E/04. 4/1989/26
          page 31
          Name Forename Date Place
          KABIR—ROSSEINI Amir Afshar 9.88 Tehran (Evin)
          KABRIZI Syrous 9.88 Karaj
          KAKA—SOLTANI Feizo llah 12.38 Noshahr
          KALA 1 AKI Kamal 12.88 Tebran (Evin)
          KALANTA R I Hamea 9.88 Karaj
          KA}4AL 1 Mojgan 9.88 Tebran
          Sedigheb 12.88 Tebtan (Evin)
          KN4ERANI MIHANI Rushang 11.88 Kerman
          KANI 12.88 tebran (Evin)
          KARANI Jamshid 6.12.88 Skiiraz
          KABBALEX PJObass 16.12 88 Tebran ( vin)
          KARIMI Shahriar 9.88 Tehrafl
          Kfll.IMI Mansur 12.88 Shahr—e—Kord
          KARIMI Sadegh 9.88 Tehran
          KARIMIAN 29.11.88 Tebran
          KAR IMIAN 29.11.88 Tehran
          KARIMIAN 11.88 pehran
          KARIMIAN 11.88 Pehran
          KASEBN Morteza 9.88 Semnan
          KASHANI Ghojain Reza 9.88 Arak
          KASHANI Kiooears 9.88 Karaj
          KASLIANI PLGUDI%M Gl o1am Reza 9.88 Tehrarl
          KASSEU GNA E haninad 11.88 Astaneh—P.shr
          Afieh
          KAYHANI Farangis 9.88 Tehrafl
          KAYKAVUS SI Farideb 9.88 Ahwaz
          KAYKUAM Samad 12.88 Shiraz
          KAYVA Iq—FAR oamshid 11.88 Tehran
          KAYVAM Farangis 25.11.88 Tehran
          KAZAZ I Hassan 9.88 Tehran
          KAZEMIZADEH Mobsen 12.88 Nashhad
          KEBRITI Hamid Reza 11.88 Tehran
          KEIKAVUSSI Nahid 12.88 Ahwaz
          KERAMATI Mohan mnad 9.88 Tehran
          KESHAVARZ 9.88 Gach—Saran
          KESHAVARZ Gholam Hassan 9.88 Shiraz
          KESHAVARZ 11.88 Karaj
          ( Cheze lhesar)
          KEl FAR Hassan 10.88 Tehran
          KEYVANI Iraj 10.88 Hafshejan
          Shahr—Kord
          EJIADEMI Majid 10.88 Isfahan
          KHAKSAR Abbas 9.88 Karaj
          KHAKSAR Fosieh 9.88 Kermanshah
          KNALM A u 9.88 Qazvin
          KHALEGHI Hassan 9.88 Tebran
          KHALF I Mobsen 9.88 Tebran
          KHAI4ENEH KhoSrO 11.88 Tebran
          KuANi4OHN 4ADI Mohanvrtad 11.88 Kermanshah
          KHAS 1OU Massoud Afla'i 11.88
          KUAT I D I
          KHATIBI 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          KHATIBI flamid 9.88 Tebran
          KHEYRIEM S FAEI Simm 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          KHODA DADI Bebnam 12.88 Babol
          KHODA-PARAST
        
          
          E/CN. 4/1989/26
          page 32
          Name Forename Date Place
          KHODhPABASTI Hosein 8.88 Chaloos
          KHQLD 1 Wosrat 11.88 Pebran
          KHONSARI Hassan 10.88 Tebran
          KH A—BARKS I1T Sobrab 9.88 Karaj
          KH SH GOFTI R Hussein 9.88 Tebran
          KUORRAMI Noor—od—din 11.88 11am
          KHORSANDX Saeid 9.88 Kermanshah
          KNORSHID—VA SH Abbass 11.88 Hamedan
          KH OSH—SALIG 1 IEH Ma liheh 11.88 Anzali
          KHOSHBIJEI Saiedeh 11.88 Shiraz
          KHOSHBUE I Siavash 11.88 Shiraz
          KHOSEB(JEI Susan 11.88 Shiraz
          KIESRAVANI Mehdi 11.88 Tebran
          KHOSBAVAEI Mebdi 11.88 Busbehr
          KIESRAVI bait 9.88 Tebran
          1(HOS1 J MADI Abbass 11.88 Tebran
          KHOSRO ABAD X Mansureb 11.88 Tebran
          KHOSI D MADI Tayebbeh 11.88 Tehran
          XHOSRQ—ABADX Abbass 6.11.88 Tehran
          K13G ROVh 1 1 9.66 Tehian
          KIA Z Jcbar 11.88 Kord—kul
          K IA— A I IM AD I Ezzato l la 9.88 Kordkuy
          KIA—AHMADI Vahid 9.88 Gorgan
          KIA—MMADI Vajio lla 9.88 Gorgan
          KIAEI Mabbubeb 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          KlAN— POOR 12.88 Shiraz
          KIANI 12.88 Tebran (Evin)
          KOLAI I—GH OCHX Rabmat
          1 (00HZ Abbass A u 12.88 Tabriz
          ROOHSARI Moharmuad A u 11.88 Mashhad
          KORD—JAZI Esmaeil (Behzad) ii.ii.aa sari
          KORD—ROSTM II Mohaagnad Reza 9.88 Tebran (Evin)
          KUHI 30. 7.88 Salmas
          LARI LAVASANI Masoud 9.88 Tebran
          IJ SHGPjRX Jafar 12.88 Mashhad
          LATIF—POOR 12.88 Shiraz
          LATIFI Mojgan 10.88 Tehran
          LOLAEI Majid 12.88 Shira
          WRAKI Rahman 10.88 Ahwaz
          12.8 tetahart
          MAABOODI Ezzat 11.88 Tebran
          M .DIBEIGI Behzad 9.88 Karaj
          MAHIGIR Hossein 10.88 Arak
          MAHOE3ANI Jafar 9.88 Sari
          MAHJUB Hamzeh 10.88 Rudsar
          ffl IAHMOODI Gholam A u 12.88 Shiraz
          MAHM000I Abmad 9,88 Tehran
          MAHM 000I—FAR 11.88 Kermansbah
          PANAHANDEH lt,88 Kermanshah
          ROODARI 11.88 Kermanshah
          KAFFASH—POOR 11.88 Kermanshah
          HUSHANGI 11.88 Kermanshah
          FALLANIK 11.88 Kerraanshah
          FARAJ—POOR 11.88 Kermanshah
          ABEDI Kazem 11.88
        
          
          E/CL 4/1989/26
          page 33
          Name Forename Date Place
          MP.HMUDI Abdo l—Ahad 3.11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          MAUMUDI Sasan 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          MAUMUDI Nabjuud 10.88 Ramedan
          MAJANI A o1 Rasul 15.11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          MAJAZI Mohatioead Reza 9.88 Tehran
          MAJD—ABADI Reza 10.88 Arak
          MAJDI Asghar 11.86 Tehran
          MAJNUN MOHM4MADI Asghar 11.88 Tel-iran (Evin)
          MAZIANI Gbolam Reza 12.88 Dezfu i
          MALEKI Assad 9.88 Karaj
          MAI EKI Sbaa 11ah 11.88 Kermanshah
          MALEKI 12.86
          MALEKUTI Mansur 6. 8.88 Istahan
          MANSOURI Nasser 9.66 Tebran
          MANSURI 11.88 Mashhad
          MAl SURI 12.88 Shiraz
          MANSURIAN Kama l—o—din 23.11.88 Shiraz
          MA RAN U I
          MARA}IDI Majid 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          MARDFAR Soleiman 12.68 Te l-iran
          MARDOMI Jairishid 9.88 Tabriz
          MASHHADI EBRABIM Hossein 11.88 Karaj
          (Go hardasht)
          MARIVANI Mehrdad 11.88 Tebran
          MASHOUF Majid 9.68 Tehran
          M ASOUD I Masoud 25.11.88 Zanjan
          MASSIIiA LANGAROODI Manijeh 10.88 Langarood
          MASSIBI Parviz 9.88 Gach—Saran
          MASSIM Parviz 9.88 Shiraz
          MASUMI Raid Reza 8.68 Borujerd
          MASUMI Hassan 9.88 Te l - iran
          MAZAHER Ebrahim 12.88 Tehran
          MAZAJIERI Saeid 30.10.88 Isfahan
          MAZRUEI 9.88 Rasht
          MEHO I—ZADEB 10.88 Rudsar
          MEBDI—ZADEB Farhad 11.88 Tebran
          MEHRABI &hsen 10.88 Gorgan
          I4EHRPANAH Mashalab
          MEMAR Akbar 11.88 Shiraz
          MIR BAGHERI Seyed Esmaeil 21.11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          MIR JAFARI Farshad 11.88 Tehrafl (Evin)
          M IR—ESMARLI Zohreh 11.68 Tebran
          MIR—KARIMI Reza 11.88 Gorgan
          MIR—MOHAMMADI Sayed Morteza 11.88 Pehran
          MIR—MOHAfl IAD I Seyed Aghil 12.88 Tehrafl
          MIR—MOHAMMADI Mehdi LQ.88 Tehran (Evin)
          MIR—MORADI Monireh 12.88 Ahwaz
          MIR—SEYEDI Hamid 12.88 Tehran (Evin)
          MIRAB—ZADEB Mobsen 11.68 Tehran (Evin)
          MIRHADI Siamak 11.88 Gorgan
          MIRHADIAN Kiooroars 9.88 Tehran
          MIRZA—MOHA iMADI Mirza Mohaumiad 11.88 Arak
          MIRZA—ZADEH 11.88 Tebran
          MIRZADE}I 9.88 Karaj
          MIRZAEI Hossejn 8.88 Tehran
        
          
          E/CN. 4/1989/26
          page 34
          Name Forename Date Place
          MIRZAEI Mostafa 27.10.88 Tebran
          MIRZAEI Shahnaz 9.88 Hamedan
          MIRZAEI Maswneh 11.88 Tebran
          MIRZAEI Reza 11.88 Tehran
          NXRZAEI Zahra 12.88 Ahwaz
          MIZPNI Faradjollah
          MOADAS Hassan 12.88 Estehbanat
          MOBARAKI TEHRAN All 11.88 Tebran
          tODP Rt LSSI 11.88 tstat av at
          MOEIN 9.88 Tebran
          M OE IN I Parvin 9.88
          MOE INI 12.80 Shiraz
          MOEZZI liassan 10.08 Tabriz
          MOGADDAM Kiotoars 11.68 Kermanshah
          MOGHADDAM Nazar 10.88 iIIorram Abad
          MOGNBELI Farshid (Farid) 1.12.88 Tebran (Evin)
          MOGIWI CHAGNER VMJD Parvin 9.88 Khoram—OEad
          MOHAJER Keywan
          MOHAJER Hamid Reza 9.88 Tehran (Evin)
          MOHAMADI Mokhtar
          MQIWtAD TA llER NAJJAR Saeed 13.12.80 Tehran (Evin)
          MOUMIMAD—WEJAD Jamal. 10.88 Ahwaz
          MOHAfl AD—ZADEli Raf at
          MOHAMM?,D—ZP,DEH ,3auia l 11.66 Ramhormoz
          MOHM IMADI hbdo lhagh
          MOHAfflIMADI 9.88
          MOHAMMADI Shahnaz 9.88
          MOIiAt4MADI Mariam 8.11. 88 Tehran
          MORM4MADI Moharwnad Reza 8.11.88 Tebran
          MORAIQ4ADI Yaghoob 16.12.88 Tebran (Evin)
          MOHAMMADI Gholam Reza 12.08
          MOHANMADI Mob sen 11.88 Isfahan
          MOHAMMADI ZADEH 11.88 Kermanshah
          MOHAMMADIAN Nader 6. 8.88 isfak an
          MOIWIMADIVAR Mehri 9.68 Tebran
          MOHAW4ADZADEH Saber
          MOHARRAMI Kazem 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          MOHEBIA1 Mina 7.88 Tehran
          MOHEBIAN MinOo 7.88 Tebrart
          MOHRCHIN Emran 9.88 Pehran
          MO I ISEWI Mobsen 11.88 Behbahan
          MOJAHEDNIA Mas'ood 9.88 Karaj
          MOJAVER AGHILI Bossein 11.88 Kord—Kui
          t4OKHTAR—ZPiDEU Soheila 10.88 Karaj
          (Gohardasht)
          NOKYAWDI Bfjan 10.88 Ahwaz
          MOLKI Saeid 1.11.88 Shiraz
          MOLLA—ABBASS ISFAHANI Masoud 12.88 Tebran
          MONEM 9.88 Tehcat
          MOODARESS KNIALI Mendi 13.12.88 Tebran (Evin)
          MOQBELI MasOo d 12.88 Tehran
          MORADI Ghavam 23.11.88 Shiraz
          MORIDI Manzar 9.88 Tehran
          MOROVAJ Mohatroead 11.88 Tetttafl
          MOROVATI t4ohaxwaed Mabi 27. 7.88 Tebran
        
          
          E/CN.4/1989/26
          page 35
          Name Forename Date Place
          MORTp , AVI 9.88 Rasht
          MO S AV A I Gu ild 24.11.88 Gorgan
          MOSAVAT Mobsen 12.86 Bushehr
          MOSLEHI Mansureh 11.88 Tebran
          MOSL 4I Abbass 8.88 Qazvin
          MO INdED Fereshteh 11.88 Rasht
          MOTTAGHI—TALAB Arair 11.88 Rasht
          MOTTAGHI—TALM Basbid 11.88 Rasht
          MOUSAVI Ashraf 9.88 Tebran
          MOVN IEDI Masoud 9.88 Arak
          MUSSA—POOR Babman 3. 8.88 Tebran
          MUSSAVI 10.88 Arak
          MUSSAVI Mabmud 11.88 Shakir—KOrd
          NADERI Hossein
          NADERI Abdollaffi 11.88 11am
          NADIMI Javad 9.88 Karaj
          NAEIM t haninad Reza 10.88 Tebran
          NAFISSI Shahtiar 11.88 Tehran
          NAFTI 9.88 Takistan
          NAGHI—NEJAD Mojtaba 11.88 Tehran
          NAGHI—PWR Gholara—Reza 10.88 Mashhad
          NAJAF—ABADI Faterueb 9.88 Tehran
          NA.JAFI 9.88 Kerend
          N I4JAFI Mahtaj 9.88 Kerend
          NAJAFUBADI FaIIo l lah Oraid 11.86
          Abmad 11.88 Tebran
          NAI4AJ( IM liassan 9.88 Arak
          NAf4DAR Farah 11.88 Arak
          NA IDAR Hossein 25. 9.88 Arak
          NA}4DARI Shabrokh 11.88 Masjed—Soleiman
          NAMVAR Self—co—din 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          NPQOI Moha waed Bafj 9.88 Tehran
          NASERI Manuchehr 9.88 Tebran
          NASRI drat 9.88 Tehran
          NASSAJ MaFmjud 10.88 Mashhad
          NPJSSERI flavood 11.88 Tehran
          NASSIR
          NASSIR—MG I-IADAM Saba 6.11.88 jIIoram—Abad
          NAZARI Hamzeh 11.88 Rasht
          NAZEMI A u (Yadollab) 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          NAZIRt KhosrO 10.88 Karaj
          (Gheze lhe sat)
          NEJAT Seyed Hossein 12.88 Tebran
          NE I 4A T—BAKUSH 12.88 Isfahan
          NEZAN—ZA DEB 9.88 Shiraz
          NEZN4PASAND Hassan 12.88 Karaj
          NIAKAN Hossein 12.88 Tehran
          NIK—KAR Mohannad 11.88 Tehran
          NIK—KHAH FiroOz 9.88 Zanjan
          NIK—P R Homayoon 3. 8.88 Tebran
          NIKHAM A u 23.11.88 Shiraz
          NIKKHAH Alt 12.88
          NIKPOUR All Asghar 9.88 Shiraz
          NIKUPOOR DEIL iMI A u Asghar 12.88 Shiraz
          NILGHAZ fIIelrol lah 9.88 Tebran
        
          
          E/cN. 4/1989/26
          page 36
          Name Forename Date Place
          NIROOMAND Hajuid 11.68 Kazeroon
          NOBARI 12.88 Borujero
          NOOR Mahnaz 10.88 Tebran (Evin)
          NOOfl Ghodratollah 11.88 Tehran
          NOORI Jalal 11.88 Karaj
          (Che ze the sar)
          NOQRI Moha lM ad 10.88 Tehran (Evin)
          NOORI Sbahrokh 11.88 ltrak
          NOQfl Mahnaz 11.88 Tehran
          NOORI Mmad 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          NOORI Mel 9.88 Tehran
          NOORI All 9.88 Tebran
          NOPARVAR Moha!&aad 11.88 Gorgan
          NOROOZI Esmaei l 10.88 Tebran
          NOROOZI Kazem 10.88 Tehran
          NORT JZI Nasser 11.88 Tehran
          NOSRATI Farzin 11.88 Karaj
          (Gohardasht)
          NOSRA'fI Farzin 12.88 ehran (Evin)
          NURBAKHSH 10.88 Tebran
          OMIDI 12.86 Fassa
          c* IUMI Fariba 13.12.88 Tehran (Evin)
          ONSORI Zahra 12.88 Ahwaz
          PAHLEVAN NESHAN ltstafa 9.88 Tebran
          PAMLEVAN NESHAN Mebdi 9.88 Tehran
          PAKBAZ 9.88 tehran
          Ffl4ABI Mehrdad 9.68
          PANJEESHAHI 9.3.88 Tehran
          PARISUZ 11.88 semnan
          PARSA Mobaritaa 11.88 Behbahan
          PASHA Mohanauad 10.88 Tebran
          PEGEMAN ribbanruad A u 11.86 Karaj
          (Gohardasht)
          PIRI Mobsen 10.88 Arak
          PIRNEJAD Husbang 3.11.68 Orumieb
          PIR%JZRAN Safar All 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          PU L—CHI Z lah inud 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          POOR—HASHEM Abinad 10.88 Rasht
          P R—MIRZA Aria 12.88 Karaj
          POOR—NASSIR Saber 11.88 Anzali
          P R-NOROOZ Behzad 9.88 Karaj
          (Gohardasht)
          POORRAZI 11.88 Mashhad
          POOR—SALEHI Abbass 11.88 Tetiran (Evin)
          POOR—SARPOLI Reza 10.88 Rudsar
          P STINCHI 12.88 Quchan
          PUROLHOSSEflI zia—O—Din 9.88 Shiraz
          QAHREMARI Mo stafa 9.88 Tebran
          QANREMANI b lorteza 9.88 Tebran
          QAJPIR Mohaumiad All 25. 11.88 Tebran
          QOLANI Parvin 9.88 Tehrafl
          QQL NI Nayyer 9.88 Karaj
          QOREISHI Moharmoad 9.88 Tehran
          QOREISHI Mobsen 9.88 Tehran
          QOREISHI Seyyed—Abrnad 9.88 Tehran
        
          
          E/2i. 4/19 9/ 
          page 37
          Name Forename Date Place
          RADJAIMAND Mohaimiad
          RAT 4ANESH Asghar 9.88 Karaj
          RADMANESH Hoiria 9.88 Ahhwaz
          RAnt aahram 9.68 ‘rehran
          RAEBARI Cholam 11.88 Shiraz
          RAHBMtI Mehrdad 12.88 Fassa
          RAHI &stafa 11.88 Tehran
          RAHIM—ZADEL Mojtaba 10.88 Isfahan
          RA I IIMI 30. 7.88 Salmas
          RAHIMI Abmad 3.11.88 Salmas
          RAHIMI 12.88 Fassa
          RAHIMI Hassan 10.88 Karaj
          PJIJ(AN 9.88 Tehran
          RABMANIAN Madam 12.88 Shiraz
          RA1 It4ATI Abdol Rahinan 11.88 Karaj
          RAHMATI Abotfateb 22.11.88 Karaj
          RAHMATI/3N 10.88 Arak
          RAJABI Moharronad—Ebrahimi 11.8.88 Tebran
          RAJABI NEJAD Nasrin 11.88 11am
          aAJAEI Alj Reza 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          RAJAVI ?bnir 11.88 Tehran
          RAJAVI }bssein 11.88 Hamedan
          RAMESH 29.10.88 Jun01
          RAMEZANI—FAR Foruzan 11.88 Tehran
          RANJBAR 9.88 Lahijan
          RASBID Abbass 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          RASBIDI Nobsen 9.88 Tebran (Evin)
          RASHIDI Al l 9.88 Tebran (Evin)
          RASHIDI Sirus 11.88 Shjraz
          RASHTIAN Masoud 11.88 Tehran
          RASWLI Saeid 12.88 Tebran
          RASULI Nasrjn 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          RA VA E O I teynour
          RAZAVI Seyed Al-miad 14.11.88 Iasjid Soleiruan
          RAZAVI 12.88 Shiraz
          RAZBAN Farjdeh 19. 8.88 Tebran
          RAZMDIDEB Asef
          RAZZAQI . Mehrdad 11.88 Tehran
          RAZZ Q I Malishid (Hossein) 11.88 Tehran
          REIHANI Abbass 11.88 Gorgan
          REIHANI Atnnad 11.88 Hamedan
          RZZA'I 9.88 Tebran
          REZAPOOR lIImad 11.88 Tebran
          REZAEI Akbar 9.88 Is ahan
          REZAEI usef 11.88 Karaj
          (Gohardasht)
          REZABI 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          REZ EI 12.88 Shiraz
          REZAEI Madereh 12.68 Ahwaz
          REZMI Mahmood 9.88 Te l- iran
          REZAEI JAUROMI Manuchehr 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          REZVANI Majid 11.88 Te l-iran (Evin)
          RIAZI Hamid 9.88 Mashhad
          RIZEH—VAt4Dt Rakimeb 11.88 11am
          ROBAT—SPR?USR t4ohairaaad 9.88 t4ashhad
        
          
          E/Q . 4/1989/26
          page 38
          Foxenaoee flate P lace
          ROOL-PARVAR Asad 9.88 Tehran
          ROOZBAHANI
          ROOZBE hI NI Majid 9.88 Tebrart
          RO S H AN ZADEN
          ROS HDIAN Nassoud 11.88 Gorgan
          ROSTAMI 10.88 Masjed Soleiman
          RiJflQLLAB—ZADEH Mebdi 11.88 Babolsar
          RUZEAHANI Mobsen 11.88 Gorgan
          SW ADATMAND Psrsa lan
          SABAH Nader
          SABER BACHEN—MIR Nasser 8.88 Tebran (Evin)
          SABET BAFTP.R Masoud 6. 8.88 Tehran (Evin)
          SABET RAFTAR Reza 6. 8.88 Tebran (Evin)
          SABETI Kazem 25.11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          SABETI Reza 25.11. 88 Tebran (Evin)
          SABRI Nader 9.88 Tabriz
          SABURI Ezzeddjn 11.88 Amok
          SADEGHI Sasan 26.10.88 Tebran (Evin)
          Babm ark 9.88 Kamedap.
          SADEGHI Mohairtaad Reza 12.88 Tebran (Evin)
          SADEGHI Vahid 11.88 Tehran
          SADEGHI Mohajrtnad Reza 9.88 Samandaj
          SADEGHI Moharmuad 11.88 Tehran
          SADEQI Al l 9.88 Karaj
          SAEIDI NEJAD Vahid 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          SAEIDI—FAR Shahin 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          SAFA Mohanrified Sadegh 11.88 Tabriz
          SAFAEI Mohaiwnad 9.88 Tehran
          SAFARI Ahmad 11.88 Semnan
          SAFAVI Hamid 1.11.88 Karaj
          SAFAVI Jafar 9.88 Tehran
          SAFAVIEH Sakineh 9.88 Tehran
          SAF DARI Abbass 11.88 Mashhad
          SAFDARI 12.88 Quchan
          SAFFARI 11.88 Estahbanat
          SAGHERI Marjam 11.88 Tebran
          SAGHI Haruid 11.88 Tabrjz
          SAHRA—GARD Ebrahim 11.88 Isfahan
          (ansur 7.12.88 Shirai
          SARHAtI Assad 7.12.88 Shiraz
          SAKHA I Esmaei l 1.12.88 Shiraz
          SALA I—VARZI MaFinaz 3.12.88 Shiraz
          SALEHI Fariborz
          SALEHI Babak 11.88 Tehran
          sAr E H i 12.88 Tehran (Evin)
          SALEHI—ZADEB Saivosh 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          SALIMI Parviz 9.88 Tebran (Evin)
          SAL.JOOGHI Rasul 3.11.88 Qrumieh
          SALLEH—DAR 12.88 Khorram Abad
          SAMANDAR Mahinud 9.88 Tehran (Evin)
          SAMANI 11.88 Shiraz
          SANANI 9.88 Shiraz
          SAMI Shahin 11.88 Anzali
          SM4IMI Mansur 9.88 Karaj
          SANA—BAI
          
          E/C2 . 4/1989/26
          page 39
          Name Forename Date place
          SANAT—FAR Kazem 9.88 Tehran (Evin)
          SANJABI Shahriar 11.88 Kermanshab
          SANJARIAN Esiriaeil 12.88 Rasht
          SARABI Mehrdad 11.88 Tehran
          SARKARDEH Hoijat 12.88 Tehtan
          SARRAFPOUR Hassan
          SATMIAN Pair 9.88 Tehrari
          SAVAfl Hessam—oo—djn 12.88 Karaj
          (Gohardasht)
          SAYY1 R Zokireb 16.12.88 Tetkran (Evin)
          Fategteh 16.12.88 Tehran (Evin)
          SAYAD-POOR Reza 3. 7.88 Kobram Abad
          SAYAbI 6. 8.88 Isfahar .
          SEDAQAT Taqi 3.12.88 Tebran
          SEDIGH 9.88 Raoesar
          SEFATIIsN Hossein 9.88 Ramsar
          SEIFAN Ghassem 11.08 Karaj
          (Gohardasht)
          SERESHTEH A I d 12.88
          SETUDEH Tahmineh 10.88
          SEYEO ABI4ADI Babman 3. 8.88 Tebran
          SEYEO A} 4ADI Mohajiunad 3. 8.88 Tehtan
          SEYEDI Si m m 11.11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          SEYEDIAN Seyed Ahmad 12.88 Tebran (Evin)
          SEYEDIAN Seyed Abmad 12.88 TeI-zran
          SEYYED—M I4ADI Seyyed—Mohsen 9.88 Tehran
          SHABAN—ZADEH 9.88 Roodsar
          SHABANI 11.88 Tebran
          SHABANI 11.88 Tebran
          SKABANI J bbar 12.88 Tebran
          SHADIAN Abdo lrasu l 11.88 Behbahan
          SHMIEI 12.88 Mashhad
          SHAH—jQ RIMI Mohaimnad 11.88 Tebran
          SHAB—MORADI Ezzatto l lah 11.88 Kermanshah
          SHAN—VERDI S ejd 12.88 Arak
          SBAliBA ZZADEB fr di 10.88 Rudsar
          SHA I IBAZI A U 10.88 Rudsar
          SHANBAZI Sbahbaz 10.88 Rudsar
          SHARI D vood 9.88 Semnan
          SHA LlO T 12.88 Tehran (Evin)
          SHAIfi IIRI 10.88 Tehran (Evin)
          ARJNANDI 9.88 Qazvin
          SBAHRBANI RE za 11.88 Anzali
          SHARROODI Mohsen 9.88 Tehran
          SHARERI 8 bjnan 3.11.88 Oruinieb
          SHAKERI Akbar 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          SHAMS 11.88 Tebran
          5HA1 18—ABADI blajid 10.88 Tehran (Evin)
          SMAMSI Rahini
          SHARIAT 10.88 Mashhad
          SHARIAT HC )ssein 10.88 1ashhad
          SHAR IAT Jemshid 11.88 Karaj
          SHARIATI Gholaru Reza 12.88 Tehran
          SHARIATI Reza 9.88 Langarood
          SHARIF 9.88 Sari
        
          
          E/Q . 4/1989/26
          page 40
          Name Forename Date Place
          SHARIF Nassan 9.88 Sari
          SIJARIF Abmad 9.88 Gachearan
          SHARIF—ABADI 11.88 Kazeroon
          SHARIF—ABADI X.bbaiwnad Said 11.88 Kazeroon
          SHARIFI 29.10.86 juuol
          SHARIFI Zahra 9.88 Hamedan
          SHARIFI Parviz 7. 8.88
          SHARIFI Changiz 12.88 Tebran (Evin)
          SHARIFI Farhad 9.88 Tebran
          SHARIFIAN Karam—Aid 9.86 Karaj
          SHAXAN—FAR Homayoon 11.88 Mashhad
          SHEMIRANI 9.88 Bafshejan
          Shahr—KOrd
          SHIR— flEKHARI Mo hammed Reza 9.88 tehran
          SHIRANI Mansureh 6. 8.88 Isfahan
          SHIRAZI (Fatimeb)
          SHIRAZI Tayyebeh 12.88 Lahijan
          SHIRIN—BAKHSHXAN Reza 12.88 Anzali
          SHOHADAEI Behzad 9.88 Sari
          SHOKIRI 11.88 Ghaem—Shahr
          SHOKIRI Peyman 3.11. 88 Orumieb
          SHOKUHI 9.88 Karaj
          SISAKHTX Abdoirasul 11.88 Tehrari
          SOLEIMAN Sa'id 9.88 Tehrafl
          SOLEIMA2J I Yaghoubh 9.88 tlashhad
          SOLEIMANI Reza 1.11.88 Shiraz
          SOLTANI 9.88 Tehran
          sor TANx Mi 16.11.88 Karaj
          (Gohardasht)
          SOLTANI Farhad 12.88 Tehran (Evin)
          SORBI Nozbgan 11.88 Tehran
          SORURI Majid 11.88 Sehbahan
          TAB Mi 12.88 Qazvin
          TA BA E I
          TABARESSI Shahrokh 11.88 Rasht
          TABRI Z I
          TAGHAVI Mousa 9.88 Gachsaran
          TAHERI Haoeid 11.88 Karaj
          TAJIERI Mansur 29.10.88 Varamin
          TAHERI—ZAJ)EH 9.88 Tehran
          TAJD&h$SAIAN 11.88 Tehran
          TAH I IASSI 9.88 Tebran
          TAMSILI 9.88 Tehran
          TAHSILI 9.88 Tehran
          TM—GMDAN 11.68 Kermanshah
          TMADOO Jafar 9.88 Tehrafl
          TALABIAN 11.68 Mashhad
          TALEBI Mohairtnad 9.88 Tehran
          TALE HANI Maj id 3. 8.88 Tebran
          TALEGHANI Hamid 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          TALESH—SHARIFI Davood 12.88 Tehran
          TARAVAT Hossein 11.88 Rasht
          TASHA'YOUD All 3.12.88 Tehran
          TASHAROFI Mohairg ad 11.88 Semnan
          TAVAKKOLI 12.88 Tebran
        
          
          E/cN. 4/1989/2b
          page 41
          Name Forename Date Place
          TAVAXOL Ebrahim 30. 7.88 Ki-joram Abad
          TAVAKOLI Mariam 11.88 L araj
          TAVA 1 A Pbbass 9.88 Tebran
          TAV7 SSOt .IAN Foad 1 1.88
          TAVOSSI Faranak 11.88 Rasht
          TAWRIWAR Rahrnat
          TAYMtEH 12.88 Isfahan
          TAYEBI Asadoijab 11.88 Karaj
          TAYYMEH ifiosein 12.88 Isfahan
          TEHRA1 KAABI Jaber 11.88 Abwaz
          TEHRAE-TASH Homa 9.88 Tehran
          PEIF4LJRI l4ajid 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          TEIMURI b hsen 11.88 Tehran (Evin)
          TIORI Saeid 11.88 Tehran
          TIRI tbsen 9.88 Tehran
          T 4 Jafar 9.88 Karaj
          TORABI Navic 12.89 Hamedan
          TORASI 12.88
          TORABI 12.88
          TORASI Javad 11.88 Harifiedan
          2ORK—POOR Gholain Reza 10.88 Isfahan
          TVRKI KOOHANESTANI Akbar 2.12.88 Isfahan
          TUTUNCHIAN hanoead A u 8.88 Tehran
          VAEZI Taher 9.88 Zanjan
          VAfl I—Z ADEH Farab Tehran (Evin)
          VAHAB—ZADEH A u 9.88 Tehran
          VAHEDI Fakhri 11.88 Karaj
          VAKHSNURI Asghar 11.88 Anzali
          VAKILI Farhad
          VAL iX—VAND Vahid 10.68 Masjed Soleiman
          VALID Moharrgnad 20.11.88 Gachsaran
          VARASTEH Asghar 9.88 Kermanshah
          VATIII—DOOST Shayesteh 11.88 Anzali
          VAZIN Mohsen 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          VAZIRI A uireza 9.88
          VOSSUGRIAN Mebdi 10.99 Tehran (Evin)
          YADEGARI Jahangir 8.88 Kerend
          YAR—ABMADI Hushang 4.8.88 Tehran
          YAVARI Kianush 11.88 Anzali
          YAZDAN—PANAH All Akbar 9.88 Tebran
          OEZDANI Morteza 11.88 Gorgan
          OEZDANI Mehdi 11.88 Rasht
          YAZDANIAN Morteza 9.88 Tebran
          YEGANEGI Hadi 9.88 Sari
          YEGANEB MUSSAVI Tahereb 11.88 Karaj
          YEKKEM Qolanreza 9.88 Tebran
          YOOSEFI 12.88 Shiraz
          YOOSEFI Changiz 9.88 Tehran
          YOOSEFNE ,OED Siroos 9.88 Tebran
          YQOSSEFI Heidar 28. 7.88 Tebran
          YUSEF—NEJAD M ARAKI Moba irn ad 1.11.88 Shiraz
          YtJSSEFI Dariush 11.88 Masjed Soleiman
          ZACHER Amin
          ZA BIROL—ESLAM—ZADEB Seyed Mehdi 12.88 Tehran
          ZAHRAEI Abo lghassem 12.88 Tebran
        
          
          E/Q . 4/1989/26
          page 42
          Name Forename Date Place
          ZAHRAEI—MOGHADN4 Kiomars 9.88 Karaj
          ZAXAEI Reza 11.88 Tehran
          ZAKI Babram 11.88
          ZAKI Mina 11.88
          ZAND ARIA Babram 9.88 Karaj
          ZMIGANEH Hassan 9.68 Kermanshab
          ZN JANI 3.11.88 Orumieh
          ZA1UAN IZADEH 30. 7.88 Salinas
          ZARE Najaf 10.88 Bu$heklr
          ZARE Haji 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          ZARE'I Ebrahim 9.88 Tehran
          ZAREE Ezzato l. lah
          ZAREB Riomars 12.88 Shiraz
          ZARE H Rahmato l lah 12.88 Shiraz
          ZAREX Fatemeh 4.12.88 $hiraz
          ZARGAR Sepideh 12.88 rebran (Evin)
          2ARGA1U 2J Issa 11.88 Kord Kuy
          ZARIN—GEALAM Ali—Reza 11.88 Tebran (Evin)
          ZARRIN GHALPM Nasser 12.88 Karaj
          (Ghezejhesar)
          ZAVVAREI K loomars 12.88 Tebran
          ZIA 12.88 Quchan
          ZIADI MIRZAEI Elaheb 12.88 Tehran
          ZOLFAQRP.RI 9.88 Semnan
          ZOLGHADR Esmail.
          Zc 1ORQD MA Iraj 9.88 Tebran
        
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Due Process, Death Penalty