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The Civil Code of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Preamble On the publication
Effects and Execution of Laws in General

Article I ­ The Islamic Consultative Assembly’s enactments and the results of the referendum, having gone through legal procedures will be notified to the president of the Republic. The President shall within five days sign them and notify them to executors,  and issue instruction to have them published, and the Official Gazette shall be required to publish them within 72 hours after notification thereof.

Note: In case of the President’s refusal to sign or notify an enactment within the time period referred to in this Article, the Official Gazette shall be required to publish it within 72 hours on the order of the Chairman of the Islamic Consultative Assembly. 

Article 2 - The legislative enactments come into force throughout (lie country fifteen days after their publication, unless a specific arrangement has been prescribed in the given legislation itself to the timing of its enforcement

Article 3 The text of laws must be published in the Official Gazette

Article 4 - A law shall be effective only as from the date of its coming into force, and shall not be retrospective unless special provisions to this effect have been laid down in its text

Article 5 - All inhabitants of Iran, whether of Iranian or of foreign nationality, shall he subject to the laws of Iran except in cases which the law has excepted.

Article 6 - The laws relating to personal status, such as marriage, divorce, capacity and inheritance, shall he observed by all Iranian subjects, even if resident abroad.

Article 7 - Foreign nationals resident territory shall within the limits laid down by treaties, be bound by the laws and decrees of the Government to which they are subject in questions relating to their personal status and capacity. and similarly in questions relating to rights of inheritance

Article 8 - Immovable property, of which foreign nationals have taken possession or shall take possession under the terms treaties, shall in every respect come within the scope of the laws of Iran.

Article 9 - Treaty stipulations which have been, in accordance with the Constitutional Law, concluded between the Iranian Government and other government, shall have the force of law.

Article 10 - Private contracts shall be binding on those who have signed them, providing they are not contrary to the explicit Provisions of a law.

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