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The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Article 110 [Leadership Duties and Powers]

(1) Following are the duties and powers of the Leadership:

1) Delineation of the general policies of the Islamic Republic of Iran after consultation with the Nation's Exigency Council.

2) Supervision over the proper execution of the general policies of the system.

3) Issuing decrees for national referenda.

4) Assuming supreme command of the Armed Forces.

5) Declaration of war and peace and the mobilization of the Armed Forces.

6) Appointment, dismissal, and resignation of:

a. the religious men on the Guardian Council,

b. the supreme judicial authority of the country,

c. the head of the radio and television network of the Islamic Republic of Iran,

d. the chief of the joint staff,

e. the chief commander of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps, and

f. the supreme commanders of the Armed Forces.

7) Resolving differences between the three wings of the Armed Forces and regulation of their relations.

8) Resolving the problems which cannot be solved by conventional methods, through the Nation's Exigency Council.

9) Signing the decree formalizing the election of the President of the Republic by the people. The suitability of candidates for the Presidency of the Republic, with respect to the qualifications specified in the Constitution, must be confirmed before elections take place by the Guardian Council, and, in the case of the first term of a President, by the Leadership.

10) Dismissal of the President of the Republic, with due regard for the interests of the country, after the Supreme Court holds him guilty of the violation of his constitutional duties, or after a vote of the Islamic Consultative Assembly testifying to his incompetence on the basis of Article 89 .

11) Pardoning or reducing the sentences of convicts, within the framework of Islamic criteria, on a recommendation from the Head of judicial power.

(2) The Leader may delegate part of his duties and powers to another person.

Article 111 [Leadership Council]

(1) Whenever the Leader becomes incapable of fulfilling his constitutional duties, or loses one of the qualifications mentioned in Articles 5 and 109 , or it becomes known that he did not possess some of the qualifications initially, he will be dismissed. The authority of determination in this matter is vested with the experts specified in Article 108 .

(2) In the event of the death, or resignation or dismissal of the Leader, the experts shall take steps within the shortest possible time for the appointment of the new Leader. Until the appointment of the new Leader, a council consisting of the President, head of the judiciary power, and a religious men from the Guardian Council, upon the decision of the Nation's Exigency Council, shall temporarily take over all the duties of the Leader. In the event that, during this period, any one of them is unable to fulfill his duties for whatsoever reason, another person, upon the decision of majority of religious men in the Nation's Exigency Council shall be elected in his place.

(3) This council shall take action in respect of items 1, 3, 5, and 10, and sections d, e and f of item 6 of Article 110 , upon the decision of three-fourths of the members of the Nation's Exigency Council.

(4) Whenever the leader becomes temporarily unable to perform the duties of leadership owing to his illness or any other incident, then during this period, the council mentioned in this article shall assume his duties.

Article 112 [Exigency Council]

(1) Upon the order of the Leader, the Nation's Exigency Council shall meet at any time the Guardian Council judges a proposed bill of the Islamic Consultative Assembly to be against the principles of Sharrah or the Constitution, and the Assembly is unable to meet the expectations of the Guardian Council. Also, the Council shall meet for consideration on any issue forwarded to it by the Leader and shall carry out any other responsibility as mentioned in this Constitution.

(2) The permanent and changeable members of the Council shall be appointed by the Leader.

(3) The rule for the Council shall be formulated and approved by the Council members subject to the confirmation by the Leader.

Chapter IX the Executive Power

Section 1 the Presidency

Article 113 [President]

After the office of Leadership, the President is the highest official in the country. His is the responsibility for implementing the Constitution and acting as the head of the executive, except in matters directly concerned with the office of the Leadership.

Article 114 [Term]

The President is elected for a four-year term by the direct vote of the people. His re-election for a successive term is permissible only once.

Article 115 [Qualifications]

The President must be elected from among religious and political personalities possessing the following qualifications:

- Iranian origin;

- Iranian nationality;

- Administrative capacity and resourcefulness;

- A good past record;

- Trustworthiness and piety; and

- Convinced belief in the fundamental principles of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the official religion of the country.

Article 116 [Candidacy]

Candidates nominated for the post of President must declare their candidature officially. Law lays down the manner in which the President is to be elected.

Article 117 [Majority]

The President is elected by an absolute majority of votes polled by the voters. But if none of the candidates is able to win such a majority in the first round, voting will take place a second time on Friday of the following week. In the second round only the two candidates who received greatest number of votes in the first round will participate. If, however, some of the candidates securing greatest votes in the first round withdraw from the elections, the final choice will be between the two candidates who won greater number of votes than all the remaining candidates.

Article 118 [Supervisory Body]

Responsibility for the supervision of the election of the President lies with the Guardian Council, as stipulated in Article 99. But before the establishment of the first Guardian Council, it lies with a supervisory body to be constituted by law.

Article 119 [New Elections]

The election of a new President must take place no later than one month before the end of the term of the outgoing President. In the interim period before the election of the new President and the end of the term of the outgoing President, the outgoing President will perform the duties of the President.

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