The Press Law

Article 4: No government or non-government official should resort to coercive measures against the press to publish an article or essay, or attempt to censure and controlling the press.

Article 5: The press are lawfully permitted to acquire and disseminate domestic and foreign news aimed at enhancing public awareness by taking into consideration the best interests of the community and by observing the provisions of the existing law.

Note 1: violators of articles 4 and 5, if they have a complainant, will be sentenced by court verdict to dismissal from service for a period of 6 months to 2 years and in case of repeating offense, to lifetime dismissal from government services.
Note 2: All published press are subject to regulation of the Supreme National Security Council. In case of violation, courts can temporarily close the publication for up to two months and process the case out of order.
Note 3: Specific topics in the journal will be subject to the Law for Protection of the rights of Writers, Trade Experts and Artists under the name of the creator (real or pseudonym) if published under his / her name and if not, under the name of the publication.

Chapter 4: Limits of the Press

Article 6: The print media are permitted to publish news items except in cases when they violate Islamic principles and codes and public rights as outlined in this chapter:
1. Publishing atheistic articles or issues which are prejudicial to Islamic codes, or, promoting subjects which might damage the foundation of the Islamic Republic;
2. Propagating obscene and religiously forbidden acts and publishing indecent pictures and issues which violate public decency;
3. Propagating luxury and extravagance;
4. Creating discord between and among social walks of life specially by raising ethnic and racial issues;
5. Encouraging and instigating individuals and groups to act against the security, dignity and interests of
the Islamic Republic of Iran within or outside the country;
6. Disclosing and publishing classified documents, orders and issues, or, disclosing the secrets of the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic, military maps and fortifications, publishing closed-door deliberations of the Islamic Consultative Assembly or private proceedings of courts of justice and investigations conducted by judicial authorities without legal permit;
7. Insulting Islam and its sanctities, or, offending the Leader of the Revolution and recognized religious authorities (senior Islamic jurisprudents);
8. Publishing libel against officials, institutions, organizations and individuals in the country or insulting legal or real persons who are lawfully respected, even by means of pictures or caricatures; and
9. Committing plagiarism or quoting articles from the deviant press, parties and groups which oppose Islam (inside and outside the country) in such a manner as to propagate such ideas (the limits of such offenses shall be defined by the executive by-law). Note: Plagiarism means intentional ascription of all or a considerable part of the works and words of others to one's own, even in the form of translation.
10. The use of people in images and content and belittling and insulting the female sex, propagating, formalities and illegal and illegitimate luxuries.
11. Spreading rumors and untrue statements or tampering with statements of others.
12. Publishing statements against the Constitution
Note 2: Violators from what is mentioned in this article are subject to the punishments as put forth in Article 698 of Islamic Penal Code and in case of recurrence, will cause intensification of punishment and cancellation of license.

Article 7: The following activities are banned:
a. Printing and publishing a publication without a license and a publication whose license has been cancelled, or, one which has been temporarily or permanently closed down by a court order.
b. Publishing a publication the greatest part of whose items are incongruous to subjects which the applicant has undertaken to publish.
c. Publishing a publication that may be mistaken in name, symbol or format for the existing publications or those which have been temporarily or permanently closed down.
d. Publishing a publication without mentioning the name of its license holder and the legally responsible director or the address of the publication and its printing house.
e. Publishing and printing houses, distribution and sales departments of publications are not permitted to publish and distribute publications which the Press Supervisory Board deems to be in violation of the principle stipulated in this by-law

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