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Documenting Human Rights in Iran: Evidence Collection Guide

What are human rights?

What is a human rights violation?


Human rights are best described as the inalienable and universal rights possessed by all individuals regardless of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, citizenship, birth or other status. Respect and recognition of these rights form the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.

Human rights are enshrined in international covenants, treaties and agreements including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that was adopted by the U.N. General Assembly in 1948. One of the most important documents is the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). Iran signed and ratified the ICCPR and the Iranian government is obligated to comply with its provisions.

Some of the most fundamental human rights are described on the next several pages.

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