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Documenting Human Rights in Iran: Evidence Collection Guide

Every person has the human right to hold and express his or her own opinion.

Article 19 of the ICCPR provides that this right includes the freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through all mediums, including written, oral, and artistic.

This means that government authorities may not:

  • arrest and imprison journalists and web bloggers for distributing ideas with which the government disagrees
  • violently attack peaceful demonstrators
  • restrict Internet access, thereby denying Iranians the freedom to seek and disseminate information and opinions

 

Every person has the human right to peacefully assemble.

Article 21 of the ICCPR provides that this right may only be limited under the law when necessary in the interests of national security, public safety or to protect the rights of others.

This means that government authorities may not:

  • attack or arrest people peacefully gathered to demonstrate their disagreement with government actions
  • arbitrarily deny demonstration permits

 

Every person has the human right to associate with whomever they wish.

Article 22 of the ICCPR provides that this includes the right to form and join trade unions.

This means that government authorities may not:

  • prevent people from gathering to discuss minority religious beliefs, women’s rights, human rights or politic
  • prevent people from forming or joining trade union

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