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Documenting Human Rights in Iran: Evidence Collection Guide

Every person has the human right to liberty and security of the person.

Article 9 of the ICCPR provides that no one shall be arbitrarily arrested or detained. It also provides that a person who is charged with criminal violations must see a judge promptly and is entitled to a trial within a reasonable time. A person who was unlawfully arrested or detained has the right to compensation.

This means that government authorities cannot arbitrarily:

  • arrest and detain demonstrator
  • arrest, without warrants, and detain civil and political activist
  • detain people for days, weeks, months or years without charging them or holding a trial before a judge

 

Every person has the human right to life.

Article 6 of the ICCPR states that no one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his or her life. It also provides that in countries that have not abolished capital punishment—like Iran—the death penalty should be imposed only for the most serious crimes. The sentence must be rendered by a competent court. A death sentence cannot be carried out on pregnant women, or imposed for crimes committed by people who were younger than 18 at the time they committed the crime.

This means that government authorities may not:

  • kill peaceful demonstrators
  • execute people for crimes such as drug smuggling and adultery  
  • execute political prisoners without trial
  • stone anyone to death

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