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Documenting Human Rights in Iran: Evidence Collection Guide

Every person in detention has the human right to be treated humanely and to be free from torture.

Article 7 of the ICCPR provides that no person shall be subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Article 10 provides that detainees shall be treated with dignity.

  • This means that government authorities may not:
  • house accused and convicted detainees together
  • house children with adults
  • house detainees in unsanitary conditions
  • keep detainees in solitary confinement for long periods of time
  • deny medical care to detainees
  • whip, beat, strangle, or rape detainees
  • subject detainees to mock execution

Every person has the human right to be equal before the courts.

Article 14 of the ICCPR provides that every criminal defendant has the right to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal. It also provides that every defendant has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty and the right to minimal guarantees of fairness.

  • This means that government authorities may not:
  • hold trials in prisons that are not open to the public
  • prevent defendants from being represented by the attornies of their choice
  • prevent attorneys from representing their clients
  • prevent attorneys from visiting or speaking with their clients
  • convict a person based on a forced confession
  • hold criminal trials when the defendant is not present

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