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A Faith Denied: The Persecution of the Baha'is of Iran

A Faith Denied: The Persecution of the Baha'is of Iran

This report explores how Baha'i religious practice has effectively been criminalized inside Iran. Baha’is are subjected to a level of social exclusion and harassment in Iran that shocks the conscience and A Faith Denied illuminates the persistent role played by the clerical establishment in perpetuating such abuse. Community leaders have been murdered and sites of irreplaceable religious significance destroyed. The report finds rising levels of persecution since the 2005 election of President Ahmadinejad and resurgence of other conservative political figures.

 

 

Table of Contents

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

2. ABOUT THE BAHÁ’ÍS

2.1. ORIGIN AND EARLY HISTORY

2.2. SPIRITUAL ASSEMBLIES

3. THE ROOTS OF MODERN ANTI-BAHÁ’ÍSM

3.1. 20TH CENTURY POLITICAL CHANGE

3.2. THE RAMADAN RIOTS OF 1955

3.3. TACKLING “THE BAHÁ’Í PROBLEM”

3.4. THE RISE OF THE HOJJATIYEH

4. THE IRANIAN REVOLUTION AND THE BAHÁ’Í S

4.1. 1977: GENERAL UNREST AND MOB ATTACKS

4.2. A REVOLUTION UNDERWAY

4.3. 1979 AND THE VICTORY OF THE ISLAMIC REVOLUTION
The Islamic Constitution and the Bahá’í Community of Iran
Ramifications of Exclusion of the Bahá’ís from the Constitution

5. POST-REVOLUTIONARY PERSECUTION OF THE BAHÁ’ÍS OF IRAN

5.1. ARREST, TORTURE, AND EXECUTION OF BAHÁ’Í LEADERS
First National Spiritual Assembly of Iran
Second National Spiritual Assembly of Iran
Attacks on the Local Spiritual Assemblies 
Third National Spiritual Assembly of Iran

5.2. CULTURAL AND SOCIAL REPRESSION
Destruction of Religious and Cultural Monuments
Destruction of Bahá'í Community Property

5.3. ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL REPRESSION
Property
Ruling 59/70
Purging Committees
Loss of Livelihood 
The Denial of Education to Bahá’í Students

6. PRESENT CONDITIONS 

6.1. INTERNATIONAL INTERVENTION

6.2. RENEWED FOCUS ON THE BAHÁ'Í QUESTION

6.3. BAHÁ'Í INSTITUTE FOR HIGHER EDUCATION

6.4. A NEW THREAT? 
Hate Speech 
Collecting Names

7. CONCLUSION

METHODOLOGY

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Tagged as:

Baha'i, Personal Liberty, Arbitrary Detention, Illegal Search and Seizure, Freedom of Religion, Freedom of Conscience