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Murder at Mykonos: Anatomy of a Political Assassination

Annex A: Victims

The Mykonos victims were specifically targeted because of their affiliation with the PDKI. Three of the victims, Sharafkandi, Ardalan, and Abdoli, were prominent, high-ranking members who had worked on behalf of the party for years. Dehkordi, a friend of Sharafkandi, had been acting as an interpreter for the others at the Socialist International Congress.


Dr. Mohammad Sadegh Sharafkandi

Dr. Mohammad Sharafkandi was born in Bokan, Iran on January 11, 1938. He received his degree in chemistry at the Institute of Higher Education in Tehran and went on to study at the University of Sorbonne, Paris, where he received his PhD in analytical chemistry in 1976. While studying in Paris in 1973, he joined the PDKI. After returning to Iran in 1976, while teaching at the Teachers' Higher Training College in Tehran, he became the representative of the PDKI's Secretary-General, Dr. Abdol-Rahman Ghassemlou. In 1980, he became a member of the PDKI Central Committee140 and was put in charge of the party’s operations in Tehran. In the summer of 1980 he moved to the Kurdistan Province in Iran and the Central Committee elected him to be a member of the PDKI’s Political Bureau, the highest echelon of the PDKI leadership. He was in charge of the party’s publicity efforts. In 1986, he became the PDKI’s Deputy Secretary-General and assumed the title of interim Secretary-General after Dr. Ghassemlou’s assassination on July 13, 1989. In December 1991, he was unanimously elected Secretary-General of the PDKI.141


Fatah Abdoli

Fatah Abdoli was born in Naghade, Iran on April 15, 1961. He joined the PDKI as a student and by 1980 he was one of its active members. After the Sixth Congress, he served as an alternate member of the Central Committee and as head of the PDKI Committee in Sanandaj, the capital of Kurdistan Province in Iran. At the Seventh Congress, he was elected as a member of the Central Committee and was assigned to head the Committee of Sardasht in western Azarbayejan, Iran. He succeeded Abdollah Ghaderi,142 after the latter’s murder in 1989, as the PDKI’s principal representative in Europe.143


Homayoun Ardalan

Homayoun Ardalan was born in Saghez, Iran on February 2, 1950. During the 1979 revolution, he left his studies at the University of Sanandaj to join the PDKI. He was elected as a member of the Central Committee in 1984 and then became the head of the PDKI Committee in Saghez. After the Eighth Congress, in 1988, he moved to Germany as the PDKI’s local representative.144.


Nourrollah Mohammadpour Dehkordi

Nouri Dehkordi was born on March 30, 1946 in Shahr-e Kord, Iran. He left Iran in the 1960s, first traveling to Austria and then to Berlin in 1970. While studying in Austria and Germany, he joined the World Iranian Students Confederation,145 actively opposed the Shah, advocated freedom for political prisoners and promoted human rights and democracy. He returned to Iran to participate in the revolution against the Shah in 1979. At the beginning of the revolution, he was co-founder of a new political organization which advocated socialist ideas simply named, “Left.” After the Islamic Revolution “Left” became known first as the “Left Union” and later as the “Council of the United Left.” In the summer of 1981 he came under investigation for his political activities and was forced to leave his family and go into hiding. In 1982, he went to the Kurdistan Province of Iran to help the PDKI and then returned to Germany in 1984, where he was granted political asylum. He was employed by the Red Cross in 1986 as a social worker and remained politically active.146 He was a close friend of both Dr. Sharafkandi and his predecessor Dr. Ghassemlou. Although not a professional interpreter or a PDKI activist, he was serving as a translator for the PDKI delegation to the Socialist International Congress as a personal favor to Dr. Sharafkandi.

[140]The PDKI party members elect local representatives who hold meetings known as a Congress. At a Congress, representatives determine the policy direction of the PDKI and elect a Central Committee. This Central Committee is responsible for carrying out the policies of the Congress. The Central Committee assigns its members to different sub-committees, elects the Political Bureau and the Secretary General. Interview with Parviz Dastmalchi, Eyewitness, in New Haven, Conn. (Sep. 7, 2006).
[141]Zindiginame-i Shuhada [Biography of Martyrs], Bulitan Kurdistan [Kurdistan Bulletin], Nov. 1992, at 18, 18.
[142]Abdollah Ghaderi was the PDKI's European representative and was assassinated together with Dr. Ghassemlou and Fazel Rasoul in July 13, 1989, in Vienna, Austria.
[143]Zindiginame-i Shuhada [Biography of Martyrs], Bulitan Kurdistan [Kurdistan Bulletin], Nov. 1992, at 18, 19. See also Summary of Facts, supra note 42, at 4.
[144]Zindiginame-i Shuhada [Biography of Martyrs], Bulitan Kurdistan [Kurdistan Bulletin], Nov. 1992, at 18, 20. See also Summary of Facts, supra note 42, at 4.
[145]Confedrasion-e Jahaani-e Daneshaamoozaan va Daneshjooyan-e Irani (dar Kharej-e Keshvar)
[146]Zindiginame-i Shuhada [Biography of Martyrs], Bulitan Kurdistan [Kurdistan Bulletin], Nov. 1992, at 18, 21. See also Summary of Facts, supra note 42, at 4.

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Political Killings, Assassinations, Political Freedom