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Condemned by Law: Assassination of Political Dissidents Abroad

Condemned by Law: Assassination of Political Dissidents Abroad

The Iranian regime’s state-sponsored campaign of political assassinations abroad does not merely violate the criminal laws of the jurisdictions in which the crimes took place – it also implicates an array of international legal norms and obligations. This report aims to supplement the two previous reports, Murder at Mykonos: Anatomy of a Political Assassination (2007), and No Safe Haven: Iran’s Global Assassination Campaign (2008) in order to construct a powerful and comprehensive indictment of the Iranian regime’s assassinations abroad based on the rule of law.

 

Table of Contents

 

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 

2. PREFACE

3. STATUS OF ASSASSINATIONS UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW

3.1. LEGAL NORMS PROHIBITING ASSASSINATIONS

3.2. INTERNATIONAL LAW APPLICABLE TO ASSASSINATIONS

4. RELEVANT INSTRUMENTS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW PROHIBITING ASSASSINATIONS

4.1. INTERNATIONAL COVENANT ON CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS (ICCPR)

4.1.1. Duty to Protect Life

4.1.2. Duty to Provide Due Process Pursuant to a “Fair Hearing”

4.1.3. Duty to Investigate, Punish or Otherwise Provide Remedies to the Aggrieved

4.2. OTHER GUARANTEED RIGHTS

5. LEGAL VENUES AND REMEDIES

5.1. JURISDICTIONAL ISSUES

5.2. CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS IN DOMESTIC COURTS

5.3. CIVIL REMEDIES IN DOMESTIC COURTS

5.4. CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY

6. CONCLUSION

7. METHODOLOGY

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Tagged as:

Political Killings, Assassinations, Political Freedom