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Covert Terror: Iran’s Parallel Intelligence Apparatus

Covert Terror: Iran’s Parallel Intelligence Apparatus

This report, together with the report Mockery of Justice: the Framing of Siamak Pourzand (2008), present a comprehensive picture of the clandestine and brutal activities of the Parallel Intelligence Apparatus or nahadhayih ittila’atiyih movazi that operated in Iran during the presidency of reformist Mohammad Khatami from 1997 to 2004. Used by the conservative establishment to maintain control over the levers of state during that period, these groups were linked to numerous government agencies including the Judiciary but operated outside the law.

 

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

1. Introduction

2. Political Background 

2.1. Khatami’s Election and the Reformist Movement

2.2. The Conservative Backlash and the Rise of the PIA

2.3. Government Efforts to Rein in the PIA

3. Pre-Detention Unlawful Activities of the PIA

3.1. Selection, Targeting and Surveillance of Victims

3.1.1. Facts

3.1.2. Violations of Domestic and International Laws

3.2. Unlawful Arrests and Kidnappings of Victims

3.2.1. Facts

3.2.2. Violations of Domestic and International Laws

3.3. Unlawful Searches and Seizures of Property

3.3.1. Facts

3.3.2. Violations of Domestic and International Laws

3.4. Transfer of Victims to Illegal Detention Facilities

3.4.1. Facts

3.4.2. Violations of Domestic and International Laws

4. Unlawful Activities of the PIA at Detention Facilities

4.1. The Illegal Detention Facilities

4.1.1. Prison 59

4.1.2. Amaken Prison

4.1.3. Khatam-ul-Anbiya Prison

4.1.4. Sections 209 and 325 of Evin Prison

4.1.5. Prison Jay

4.2. Denial of Access to Family

4.2.1. Facts

4.2.2. Violations of Domestic and International Laws

4.3. Denial of Medical Care and Health Services

4.3.1. Facts

4.3.2. Violations of Domestic and International Laws

4.4. Lack of Basic Accommodations

4.4.1. Facts

4.4.2. Violations of Domestic and International Laws

4.5. Denial of Access to Legal Representation and Other Due Process Rights

4.5.1. Facts

4.5.2. Violations of Domestic and International Laws

4.6. Unlawful Interrogations

4.6.1. Facts

4.6.2. Violations of Domestic and International Laws

4.7. Solitary Confinement

4.7.1. Facts

4.7.2. Violations of Domestic and International Laws 

4.8. Threats, Intimidation and Psychological Torture

4.8.1. Facts

4.8.2. Violations of Domestic and International Laws

4.9. Physical Torture

4.9.1. Facts

4.9.2. Violations of Domestic and International Laws

4.10. Forced Confessions

4.10.1. Facts 

4.10.2. Violations of Domestic and International Laws

5. Judicial Complicity and Denial of a Fair Hearing

5.1. Facts 

5.2. Violations of Domestic and International Laws

6. Unlawful Activities of the PIA Post-Detention

6.1. Facts

7. Conclusion

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