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Ctrl+Alt+Delete: Iran's Response to the Internet

Ctrl+Alt+Delete: Iran's Response to the Internet

This report documents Iran's response to the rise of the Internet as a form of mass media. This response includes the use of existing laws to regulate expressive activity, new internet-related laws, and the creation of multiple regulatory bodies. The regime is also censoring and filtering websites using electronic methods of control. Finally, the regime regularly arrests, detains and tortures journalists and bloggers for their expression on the Internet.

 

 

Table of Contents

 

Introduction

1. The Challenge Presented by the Internet in Iran

1.1. Proliferation of Internet Access

1.2. Freedom of Expression

1.2.1. History of Expression in Iran Before the Internet

1.2.2. Migration of Expression to the Internet

2. Iran’s Regulation of Internet Expression

2.1. Laws Regulating Expression

2.1.1. The Press Law

2.1.2. The Islamic Penal Code

2.1.3. Other Laws 

2.2. Internet-Specific Laws

2.2.1. The Cyber Crime Penal Code

2.2.2. The Urgent Bill Regarding Punishment for Crimes Disturbing the Public Mind

3. Technical Methods Used to Control and Alter the Web in Iran

3.1. During the Reformist Era (1997-2005)

3.2. Post-Reformist Era

3.3. Legal Analysis of Iran’s Technical Methods

4. Arrest, Detention and Torture of Cyber-Journalists and Bloggers

4.1. Arrests in Tehran During the Reformist Era

4.2. Arrests Outside Tehran During the Reformist Era

4.3. Arrests Post-Reform Era

4.4. Legal Analysis of Arrests, Detention and Torture of Internet Users

5. Conclusion

Methodology

Abbreviations

Appendices

Letter from Rajab Ali Mazrui, Head of the Journalist Union of Iran,
to Mohammad Khatami, President of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Daily Note: The Spider House

One of the Accused in the Internet Sites Case Confesses to Spying for Foreign Powers

A Review of Mojtaba Saminejad’s Case by his Attorney, Mohammad Seifzadeh

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Tagged as:

Free Speech, Right to Protest, Cyber Journalism, Torture, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment, Punishment, Due Process, Right to an Attorney, Free Association, Political Freedom, Equality Before the Law, Discrimination